21. Understand the different types of child maltreatment. (p. 261)
• Physical Abuse--characterized by the infliction of physical injury as result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise harming a child.
• Child neglect--characterized by failure to provide for the child's basic needs. Neglect can be physical (abandonment), educational (allowing chronic truancy), or emotional (marked inattention to the child's needs). This is the most common form of child maltreatment.
• Sexual abuse--includes fondling a child's genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.
• Emotional abuse (psychological/verbal abuse/mental injury)--includes acts or omissions by parents or other caregivers that have caused, or could cause, serious behavioral, cognitive, or emotional problems.