Climate / Weather science test
Terms in this set (25)
On a warm day, students took a field trip to a local lake. While walking around, the students noticed that the air temperature felt very different in some locations near the lake. Which location most likely felt the coolest to the students?
the shore right next to the lake
Which is the main cause of global wind patterns?
uneven heating of Earth
Which statement about the relationship between the ocean and atmosphere is most accurate?
The ocean can hold heat more efficiently than the air.
Which best describes climate?
Weather patterns over time.
Which ingredient needed for the formation of a tornado is represented by the arrow on the map?
Wind systems move warm, moist air north.
Hurricanes form over water and lose wind speed when they move over land. What does this pattern best illustrate?
Oceans transfer more energy to the atmosphere than land does.
Clay is watching the weather to prepare for a trip to the beach tomorrow. The forecast predicts that a low-pressure system will move in overnight. Which type of weather can Clay most likely expect in the morning?
cloudy and rainy
Which is a factor that most likely would affect the climate in a particular area?
distance from an ocean
Storms transport water in the form of rain. The energy that starts this process comes from the
While flying a kite at the beach, a student observes that the wind blows constantly inland from the sea for much of the day and then decreases as the Sun starts to set. What is the cause for this steady wind blowing inland?
Land and water absorb and lose heat differently
Because of global wind patterns, weather over the continental United States usually travels ________
West to East
Which portion of a meteorologist's report on the evening news deals with climate?
average high and low temperatures for that date
What is the main reason a sea breeze begins?
Sunlight heats land more quickly than it heats water.
The water cycle is important for recycling the water on Earth. Which of these is the source of most of the water vapor in Earth's atmosphere?
Which of these has the greatest capacity for storing thermal energy from the Sun?
Joanna provided a short report on the Arctic tundra. She reported that the Arctic tundra has winters with an average temperature of -30°F and summers with an range of temperatures from 37° to 54°F. The yearly precipitation in the Arctic tundra is 6-10 inches. What information did Joanna provide?
The climate in the artic is Tundra
Village A is located at the base of a mountain. Village B is located near the top of the mountain. How would the climate differ between the two villages?
Village B would have colder temperatures.
What major and potentially catastrophic events can be predicted to occur in the Northern Hemisphere between the months of June and November?
In regions where prevailing winds blow from the oceans to the shore, which of these is most likely to occur?
In general, how does the climate differ between higher elevations and low flatlands?
Higher elevations have colder temperatures than low flatlands.
Rising warm air leads to the formation of
What would a warm air mass over the ocean most likely cause?
Which of the following best describes the difference between weather and climate
Weather describes current conditions; climate describes average conditions.
A city had high heat at noon and then cool temperatures, high winds, and thunderstorms in the evening. Which of the following best describes the change?
Winds blowing inland from oceans tend to have greater moisture than winds blowing over land. How does the high moisture content affect the coastal area climate?
There is greater precipitation.