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Arts and Humanities
America Enters the War-North African and European Fronts
Terms in this set (20)
Why did Stalin urge the British Allies to launch attacks on the Western Front?
To take pressure off Eastern front by forcing Hitler to fight on two fronts
Why did Churchill not feel ready to commit to forcing Hitler to fight on two fronts?
He believed it was as risky invasion and wants to concentrate on defending Great Britain instead
What was the fight for control of the seas?
Battle of the Atlantic
What happened in June 1942?
175 ships in the Atlantic were sunk by U-Boats
By what four terms did the U.S. win the Battle of the Atlantic?
1. Sonar develops-depth charges
2. We break the German codes
3. Travel in convoys
4. We bomb the submarine bases
Who was nicknamed "Desert Fox," won several battles, pushed into British controlled Egypt, and threatened the Middle East?
German Erwin Rommel
In November, 1942, what was the turning point battle of the North African Campaign?
Rommel's fails at El Alamein-British score victory and Germans retreat west
In February, 1943, where did Americans suffer defeat at?
What did Churchill and Roosevelt agree to at the Meeting at Casablanca, Morocco?
1. To concentrate on Europe-then Pacific
2. To accept nothing less than unconditional surrender from Italy, Germany, and Japan
What did people feel that the unconditional surrender from the Meeting at Casablanca did?
Prolonged the war
In 1943, where were Americans primarily fighting?
What was considered the turning point of the War in the East?
The Battle of Stalingrad
What was the code name for invasion to be launched from Great Britain?
Who was selected to be supreme commander of the invasion forces for "Operation Overlord?"
Because the Germans see massive military buildup in Southern England, what do they decide to do?
Strengthen their defenses along the French coast
What did the Allies do to fool the Germans?
Set up fake military posts across from Calais, and try to keep the Germans' attention AWAY from the planned landing site in Normandy
What was considered the turning point in the battle on June 6, 1944?
Who led the army across Northern France?
What was considered the last German defensive?
The Battle of the Bulge
What were the 4 terms discussed at the Yalta Conference with Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin?
1. Germany split into four zones
2. Division of Berlin
3. Stalin promises to hold elections in nations of Eastern Europe
4. Promises to enter the war against Japan within 3 months of German surrender
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