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Easy grammar grade 3 and 4

Easy Grammar Grade 3 and 4
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Noun
is a person, place or thing or idea
Common Noun
does not name a specific person, place, thing or idea
Concrete Noun
Most nouns are concrete., A thing that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, or tasted
Singular Noun
names one person, place, thing, or idea. (Means one)
Plural Noun
names more than one person, place, thing, or idea
Possessive Noun
names who or what owns or has something
Proper Noun
names a specific person, place, thing, or idea
Preposition
the relationship (time, location and direction) of a noun or pronoun to another word
Parts of Speech
adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, interjections, nouns, pronouns, prepositions, verbs
Adjective
Describes a noun or a pronoun. It answers what kind? which one? how much? how many? (describing words)
A prepositional phrase
starts with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. To make it easy, let's say that a prepositional phrase usually ends with something you can see.
A phrase
is a group of words
Object of a preposition
is the last word in a prepositional phrase.
Subject of a sentence
is who or what a sentence is about.
Verb
describes action or state of being (says a fact). It is what happens (or happened) or what is (or was) in a sentence.
Compound subject
sometimes a sentence is talking about tow or more people or things
Compound verb
sometimes more than one thing happens (happened) or is (was) in a sentence. Two or more verbs make up a compound verb.
Imperative sentence
A sentence that gives a command
Types of sentences
Declarative, Interrogative, and Imperative, Exclamatory
Declarative Sentences
are statements and end with periods. These sentences tell information and facts.
Interrogative Sentences
ask questions and end with question marks
Exclamatory Sentences
Shows excitement or surprise, ends with an exclamation mark (!)
Direct object
receives an action
Adverb
Tells how someone does or did something. Answers how, when, where, and to what extent
Articles
are special adjectives. A, an and the are article (they do not describe)
Pronoun
Takes the place of a noun
Object Pronoun
me, him, her, us, them, whom, you, and it. They can serve as an object of the preposition
Possessive pronoun
takes the place of a noun and shows ownership. My , mine, his, her, hers, your, yours, its, our, ours, their, theirs
Contractions (contract)
to contract means to make smaller. Contractions are formed when two or more words are joined together. When the words are joined, the word is smaller because a letter or letters have been dropped. Add apostrophe when letter are dropped
State of Being Verb
the verb to be, simply states a fact. The forms to be are: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been