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29 terms

a&p review wrong answers

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The pharynogotympanic tubes, which drain the middle ear, open into the _
nasopharynx
Cilia of the trachea that beat continually propel contaminated mucus _
toward the throat to be swallowed or spat out
NOT true of inspiration _
relaxation of the external intercostal muscles helps increase the size of the thoracic cavity
Most carbon dioxide is transported within blood plasma as _
bicarbonate ion
The most important chemical stimuli leading to increased rate and depth of breathing is _
increased carbon dioxide in the blood
The three mucosa covered projections into the nasal cavity that greatly increase surface area of mucosa exposed to air are called _
conchae
The process of moving air into and out of the lungs is commonly called breathing or _
ventilation
Gas exchange between the blood and tissue cells is called _
internal respiration
During internal respiration, the blood gas _ diffuses into the bloodstream.
CO2
Which one of the following is the correct sequence of events that follows a threshold potential: a. potassium channels open and potassium ions diffuse outward while sodium is actively transported out of the cell
b. sodium channels open and sodium ions diffuse inward
c. the membrane becomes repolarized.
d. the membrane becomes depolarized
1. sodium channels open and sodium ions diffuse inward
2. the membrane becomes depolarized
3. potassium channels open and potassium ions diffuse outward while sodium is actively transported out of the cell
4. the membrane becomes repolarized.
Loss of muscle coordination results from damage to the:
cerebellum
Collections of nerve cell bodies inside the CNS are called _
Ganglia
The hypothalamus regulates the _ gland.
pituitary
Cerebrospinal fluid is formed from blood by the _
choroid plexus
The process of swallowing is also known as _
deglutition
The innermost layer of the alimentary canal is referred to as the _
mucosa
Large wrinkle like folds in the stomach lining, present when the stomach is empty, that allow for expansion when the stomach is filling are called _
ruggae
The voluntary process of placing food into the moth is referred to as _
ingestion
Amino acids that cannot be made by human body cells and therefore must be ingested in the diet are said to be _
essential amino acids
The bad lipoprotein that transports cholesterol and other lipids to body cells is called _
LDLs
_ are finger like projections of the mucosa of the small intestines
Villi
Good cholesterol transporting molecules that bring cholesterol to the liver for breakdown _
HDLs
What do pulmonary veins do?
transport oxygenated blood to the heart
the outermost to the innermost layer of a blood vessel wall is layered _ _ _
1. tunica externa
2. tunica media
3. tunica intima.
Varicose veins are caused by
incompetent venous valves
The organ largely responsible for the synthesis of clotting factors is the _
Liver
The sinoatrial node is often called the _
pacemaker
During diastole, the pressure in the heart is _
low
The last part of the intrinsic conduction system of the heart that directly supplies the walls of the ventricles is the _
purkinje fibers