blending of statement and form
a poem that tells a story
a long narrative that deals with heroic adventures (written long ago)
a poem that expresses emotion, impressions, and feelings, a short poem
a narrative that has a refrain (a repeated stanza, also called a chorus) - abab, a lines are tetrameter, b lines are trimeter
a meditative poem that is usually full of praise and admiration
usually a lament for a dead person or a meditation on mortality
language that compares one thing to another
representation of one thing by another using the 5 senses
a comparison using "like" or "as"
a comparison of two unrelated items without using "like" or "as"
giving inanimate object or animals humanlike qualities or characteristics
a reference to an item out of the realm of the poem, such as a reference to a greek myth or a song or the Koran
the design of the poem in line length, stanzas, syllables, etc
a group of words forming a single unit, a verse
Verse (in latin)
to turn, as in the word versus; poet's problem: when to turn the line
a group of lines in a poem separated by a space from other groups of lines
a two line stanza that rhymes
a three line stanza with all three lines rhyming
a four line stanza
addressing person, thing, or inanimate object that's not there
When a metaphor goes throughout or a chunk of the poem
aa bb cc dd, etc.
aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc.
aba bcb cdc ded, etc.
abab bcbc c (for a Spencerian stanz the 1st 8 lines are written in iambic pentameter and the last line is an alexandrine, a 6 foot line)
a fourteen line poem written in iambic pentameter
Italian (petrarchan) Sonnet
abba abba cdd cee (sometimes last stanza is cde), octave, turn, sestest, ABOUT LOVE
Shakespearean (english) Sonnet
abab cdcd efef gg, octave, the turn, sestets, final couplet, ANY subject
a five foot line of unstressed and stressed syllables, closest thing to natural speech. unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
no external or obvious pattern is followed (not necessarily concerned with stanza sizes, number of syllables, stresses, or rhyme)
a poem that does not have specified line breaks
based on the syllable count
the recurrence of a sound (most often at the end of line) in which at least one syllable sound is repeated in 2 or more words
only one syllable rhymes
more than one syllable rhymes
Off or Slant Rhyme
rhyme that is not exact
The variations of sounds and syllables that create a pattern
the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables in a poem
the process of dividing a line into its metrical feet
repetition of initial sounds
repetition of a vowel sound
repetition of both initial or internal sounds (consonant sounds)
words that sound like their meaning
the use of recurring words or phrases for emphasis and pattern
author's attitude toward subject and audience via the overall effect of the diction and other elements, such as choice of subject, design, etc. of the poem
specific word choice to create a specific effect. EX: Hush! Be quiet! Shut up!/ Cold frigidity iciness wintriness/ Love adoration tenderness passion friendship
an item in the poem representing something else
the "agent" who is speaking through the poem
overall emotional quality of a poem
5 tercets, 1 quartet, aba aba aba aba aba abaa
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