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63 terms

Final Exam Poetry Terms

STUDY
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Poem
blending of statement and form
Narrative
a poem that tells a story
Epic
a long narrative that deals with heroic adventures (written long ago)
Lyric
a poem that expresses emotion, impressions, and feelings, a short poem
Ballad
a narrative that has a refrain (a repeated stanza, also called a chorus) - abab, a lines are tetrameter, b lines are trimeter
Ode
a meditative poem that is usually full of praise and admiration
Elegy
usually a lament for a dead person or a meditation on mortality
Figurative Language
language that compares one thing to another
Imagery
representation of one thing by another using the 5 senses
Tactile
feel
Auditory
sound
Olfactory
smell
Visual
sight
Simile
a comparison using "like" or "as"
Metaphor
a comparison of two unrelated items without using "like" or "as"
Personification
giving inanimate object or animals humanlike qualities or characteristics
Allusion
a reference to an item out of the realm of the poem, such as a reference to a greek myth or a song or the Koran
Form
the design of the poem in line length, stanzas, syllables, etc
Line
a group of words forming a single unit, a verse
Verse (in latin)
to turn, as in the word versus; poet's problem: when to turn the line
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem separated by a space from other groups of lines
Couplet
a two line stanza that rhymes
Tercet/Triplet
a three line stanza with all three lines rhyming
Quatrain
a four line stanza
Apostrophe
addressing person, thing, or inanimate object that's not there
External metaphor
When a metaphor goes throughout or a chunk of the poem
Couplet
aa bb cc dd, etc.
Tercet/Triplet
aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc.
Quatrain
abab cdcd, etc.
Terza Rima
aba bcb cdc ded, etc.
Specerian Stanza
abab bcbc c (for a Spencerian stanz the 1st 8 lines are written in iambic pentameter and the last line is an alexandrine, a 6 foot line)
Sonnet
a fourteen line poem written in iambic pentameter
Italian (petrarchan) Sonnet
abba abba cdd cee (sometimes last stanza is cde), octave, turn, sestest, ABOUT LOVE
Shakespearean (english) Sonnet
abab cdcd efef gg, octave, the turn, sestets, final couplet, ANY subject
Iambic pentameter
a five foot line of unstressed and stressed syllables, closest thing to natural speech. unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
5 iambs=?
10 syllables
ă
unstressed syllable
ó
stressed syllable
Blank Verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Free Verse
no external or obvious pattern is followed (not necessarily concerned with stanza sizes, number of syllables, stresses, or rhyme)
Prose Poem
a poem that does not have specified line breaks
Syllabic Verse
based on the syllable count
Rhyme
the recurrence of a sound (most often at the end of line) in which at least one syllable sound is repeated in 2 or more words
Masculine Rhyme
only one syllable rhymes
Feminine Rhyme
more than one syllable rhymes
Off or Slant Rhyme
rhyme that is not exact
Rhythm
The variations of sounds and syllables that create a pattern
Meter
the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables in a poem
Metrical Foot
2 syllables
Stresses
syllable sounds
Scansion
the process of dividing a line into its metrical feet
Alliteration
repetition of initial sounds
Assonance
repetition of a vowel sound
Consonance
repetition of both initial or internal sounds (consonant sounds)
Onomatopoeia
words that sound like their meaning
Repetition
the use of recurring words or phrases for emphasis and pattern
Hyperbole
an exaggeration
Tone
author's attitude toward subject and audience via the overall effect of the diction and other elements, such as choice of subject, design, etc. of the poem
Diction
specific word choice to create a specific effect. EX: Hush! Be quiet! Shut up!/ Cold frigidity iciness wintriness/ Love adoration tenderness passion friendship
Symbol
an item in the poem representing something else
Voice
the "agent" who is speaking through the poem
Mood
overall emotional quality of a poem
Villanelle
5 tercets, 1 quartet, aba aba aba aba aba abaa