33 terms

Medical Terminology Final Test

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A hematocrit blood test indicates the percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample
true
Epinephrine is a powerful hormone secreted by the
adrenal glands
Bleeding below the outer layer of the meninges results in a
subdural hematoma
The problem of hypertrophy of the prostate gland is that
the urethra is obstructed
What is the medical term for an infection of the bone marrow?
osteomyelitis
A proctoscopy is a visual exam of the sigmoid colon
false
The prepuce is removed in what procedure?
circumcision
The surgery for fixing drooping eyelids is
blephoraplasty
Pleurisy is a lung infection
false
A person with otosclerosis has what kind of problem?
thickening of the stapes bone
A man with a varicocele has a swollen scrotum due to dilated veins
true
A tumor of the muscle would be
myoma
The suffix "-ectasis" means "narrowing, scar formation"
false
A ligament is a structure that
joins one bone to another
The combining form "myring/o" refers to the ear drum
true
A thoracentesis procedure would be done to
remove blood or fluid with a needle
Fasciitis is an inflammation of the
covering around a muscle or muscle bundle
When testicles are removed from the abdomen and sewn in to the scrotum, the procedure is called
orchidopexy
ABG stands for a test in which a blood sample is taken from an artery rather than a vein
true
Feeling one's own heartbeat in the chest is called
palpitations
A disorder that is caused by a lack of vitamin B12 is
pernicious anemia
Ischemia can be best defined as
lack of blood flow to an area
A diuretic drug stimulates the bladder to release urine
false
Meningitis is an infection of the brain tissue
false
The medical term for the removal of one or both ovaries is called
oophorectomy
A disorder in which a person voids sugar in urine is
diabetes mellitus
What is the term for suturing a hernia (a protrusion of abdominal contents through the abdominal wall)?
herniorrhaphy
If you have diverticula, what do you have?
small pouches in the colon
In the disorder rectocele, what is wrong?
the rectum protrudes into the vagina
What is the term for inflammation of the brain tissue?
encephalitis
If a physician finds papilledema during an eye examination, what abnormality has she found?
a swollen optic disc
An angiogram is the process of recording a picture of a blood vessel
false
Which term means "painful menstrual flow"?
dysmenorrhea