Terms in this set (25)
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A German customs union founded to increase trade and stimulate revenues of its members
Otto Von Bismarck
Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire (714); Iron Chancellor
"realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles
Victor Emmanuel II
He was king of Sardinia, Piedmont and Savory until 1861 when he was crowned the first king of a united Italy
The political mastermind behind all of Sardinia's unification plans for an Italian nation. He succeeded in creating a Northern Italian nation state.
leader of Red Shirts, sincere patriot, led Italian Unification
A country who's population share a common identity.
the nobles and landowning class in Prussia
King William I
proclaimed Kaiser of the Second German Empire (the first was the Holy Roman Empire) in 1871. Bismarck was his Prime Minister
Nationalistic movement that wanted to end foreign control of Italy. Started in 1831 by Guiseppe Mazzini
ruled the Second Empire in France
Kingdom of Sardinia
Italian states of Piedmont, Nice, Island of Sardinia and Savoy
Blood and Iron
"Blood and Iron" was the speech that Otto Von Bismarck gave with the belief that a strong industry and military was needed in a country to have success. The blood represented the military while the iron represented the industry of Germany.
After Austria's defeat by Prussia in 1866, Hungarians demanded more freedom. Austria responded in 1867 by forming the Dual Monarchy - also called Austria-Hungary - in which Hungarians gained some independence while still under the rule of Austrian Emperor.
The document that Bismarck altered to provoke France and Prussia into war?
The lower house of the German Diet (elected legislature).
The upper house of the German Diet (appointed legislature).
Young rebellious people in the Ottoman Empire who forced the Sultan to reform
Prussia's ruling family.
Austrian rulers of the Holy Roman empire and the Netherlands
1299-1918; multinational empire; stretched from E. Europe & the Balkans to N. Africa & the Middle East @ its height; began decline in 1600/1700s; Became known as the "Sick Man of Europe"
Congress of Vienna
(1814- 1815) A conference called by the countries that defeated Napoleon (Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia). It was guided by the Austrian foreign minister, Prince Metternich. They drew new territorial boundaries advantageous to themselves. They attempted to provide long term stability in Europe, and restored some of the rulers who had been overthrown.
Italian nationalist movement
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