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most common types of oxygen delievery appliances
nasal cannula,simple mask,vinturi mask,open face tent,resevoir mask
describe the reason a venturi mask would be used
for a specific amount of oxygen,and so it doesnt dry out mucus membranes
how frequently should the patient with tracheostomy tube be suctioned
as needed and what the dr.s orders say
suctioning should not be attempted if the patient is capable of coughing up their sputum why?
bc they dont need it if they have a productive cough
why does the nurse apply suction only when withdrawing the catheter from the oropharynx?
so tissue damage doesnt occur
why must the nurse estavlish a way of communicating with the pt before the tracheostomy is performed?
bc he will not be able to talk post-op
after the tracheostomy has been performed the pt will not be able to smell why?
can't breathe threw nose
after the tracheostomy has been performed the pt will not be able to talk to produce sound why?
bc the trach blocks off the voice box
after the tracheostomy has been performed the pt will require humidification of air entering the lungs why?
bc they will dry out
why is oropharyngeal suctioning a sterile procedure requiring sterile gloves and sterile technique?
so bacteria doesnt cause infection
why does the pt with a new tracheostomy need to be in a room close to the nurses station
to communicate and so extubation doesnt occur
why should the pt and significant other be allowed to watch dressing changes for a new tracheostomy
so they can feel more comfortable and know how to take proper care once at home
discuss why the conscious pt does not tolerate the oral airway
bc uncomfortable and interferes with talking and eatting
why does encourging fluid intake assist the pt in liquefying secretions to be coughed up?
so they dont get pheunmonia
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