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Acoelorrhaphe wrightii (Paurotis Palm, Saw Cabbage Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Multi-stemmed thin trunks. Taller than European Fan palms. Thorns grow in every direction, leaves palmately lobed and have circular indentation. Fibrous trunk

Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Flat, palmately lobed leaves, with deeply bifurcated (split) leaflets. This palm has a leathery joint at base of leaf (hastula--see in picture). Thorns point towards leaves.

Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Petiole (stem) extends halfway through leaf, causing a SLIGHT curling. Spines point towards base/trunk of tree

Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Needle Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Needles at base, very skinny petiole (stem) with no spines. Leaves deeply bifurcated (split) with "hair" on underside of leaf (feels like rough texture)

Rhapis excelsa (Lady Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Very thin trunks, pink infloresence (blooms) Deeply bifurcated leaves (look like lady fingers cookies...kind of rectangular). Serrated margin

Sabal minor (Dwarf Palmetto, Blue Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

About 4ft tall. bluish, waxy coating on leaves. Petiole has no spines

Sabal palmetto (Cabbage Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Petiole extends all the way to the leaf tips, causing leaf to curl (see picture). Round canopy shape. Easily confused with Washington Palm.

Serenoa repens (Saw Palmetto)
Family: Arecaceae

Very sharp, serrated petiole (like a saw). Bifurcated tips of leaves, waxy bluish coating (glaucus). Fibrous base.

Trachycarpus fortunei (Windmill Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Can grow large, but very slow grower. deeply bifricated lobes on flat, fan shaped leaves. Very dense fiber that extends off trunk. Skinny petioles. Solitary grower, distinct canopy shape.

Washingtonia robusta (Washington Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Easily confused with Sabal palmetto (Cabbage Palm). The difference is that these leaves are flat and do not curl like the cabbage palm's, and the trunk and boots retain a reddish bronze color.

Butia capitata (Pindo Palm, Jelly Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Bluish color to leaves, downward-cupped leaflets. Pseudo spikes on petiole--actually fibrous hairs.

Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island Date Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Distinct canopy shape. Stout trunk. Yellow infloresence.

Phoenix reclinata (Senegal Date Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Multi-trunked tree. Some trunks lean (recline, "reclinata") Have upward-cupped leaflets that revert to spines towards trunk.

Syagrus romanzoffiana (Queen Palm)
Family: Arecaceae

Single trunk, distinct clasping leaf base

Nerium oleander (Oleander)
Family: Apocynaceae

latex sap, can be causitc. Lancelate leaf, lateral veins form 90 degree angle with midvein. Whirled leaf arrangement like mandevilla which is in the same family.

Trachelospermum asiaticum (Small-leaf confederate jasmine)
Family: Apocynaceae

latex sap, can be caustic. New growth has smaller leaves. groundcover plant with elliptical leaves and brown, wiry stems

Hedera helix (English Ivy)
Family: Araliaceae

Vining habit, uses wrapping stems and adventitous roots to climb. Juvenile leaves have 3 lobes, adult more rounded. Distinct white veination pattern

Fatsia japonica (Fatsia, False Castor Oil Plant)
Family: Araliaceae

Palmate lobes, very long petioles, clasping leaf base

Buxus microphylla (Boxwood)
Family: Buxaceae

small oval leaves with spine on tip and white midrib on older leaves. dense growth, with lighter green new growth.

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