APES Chapter 14 Vocabulary

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The chesapeake bay
Anthropogenic chemicals appeared to be responsible for the discovery that 82% o small mouth male bass developed into hermaphrodites with male sex organs that grow female eggs
Water pollution
The contamination of streams, rivers, lakes, oceans, or groundwater with substances produced through human activity and negatively affect organisms
Point sources
Distinct locations such as a particular factory that pumps it's waste into a nearby stream or a sewage treatment plant that discharged it's wastewater from a pipe into the ocean
Nonpoint sources
More diffuse areas such as an entire farming region, a suburban community with many lawns and septic systems, or storm runoff from parking lots
Human Wastewater
Water produced by human activities including human sewage from toilets and gray water from bathing/washing
Oxygen demanding waste
Organic matter that enters a body of water and feeds the growth of the microbes that are decomposers
BOD
The amount of oxygen a quantity of water uses over a period of time at a specific temperature
Dead zones
Little oxygen therefore little life
Eutrophication
The decomposition of wastewater can provide an abundance of fertility to a water body. Phenomenon Body of water becomes rich in nutrients
Cultural eutrophication
When a body of water experiences an increase in fertility due to anthropogenic inputs of nutrients
Indicator species
An organism that indicates whether or not disease causing pathogens are likely to be present
Fecal coliform bacteria
A group of generally harmless micro organisms that live in the intestines of humans and other animals
Septic system
A relatively small and simple sewage treatment system, made up of a septic tank and a leach field, often used for homes in rural areas
Septic tank
A large container that receives waste water from the house as part of a septic system
Sludge
Solid waste material from wastewater
Septage
A layer of fairly clear water fountain in the middle of the septic tank
Leach field
Combination of pipes and lawn
Manure lagoons
Large human made ponds lined with rubber to prevent the manure from leaking into groundwater
Acid deposition
Acids deposited on earth as rain and snow or as gas and particles that attach to surfaces of plants soil's and waters
PCB
The group of industrial compounds normally used to manufacture plastics in Insley electrical transformers, and responsible for many environmental problems
PBDE
And environmentally harmful compound commonly found in flame retardants and other materials
Thermal pollution
Occurs when human activities cause a substantial change in the temperature of water
Thermal shock
The phenomenon A dramatic change in temperature can kill many species
Maximum contaminant levels
The standard for drinking safe water stop by the EPA under the safe drinking water act
Sewage treatment plants
In large Manicipalities, Great volumes of wastewater are handled by separating the sludge from the water and then using bacteria to break down both components
Feedlot manure lagoon
Large-scale agriculture operations, such as the one in Georgia, produces great amounts of waste that can be held in lagoons and pumped out and removed
Lead exposure
Exposure can damage the brain, nervous system, and kidneys
Arsenic exposure
Associated with cancers of the skin, lungs, kidneys, and bladder. Illnesses can take 10 years or more after exposure to develop
Mercury exposure
Exposure occurs mostly through eating fish were shellfish
Acid main drainage
The low pH of water emerging from abandoned mines mixes with stream water to lower the pH of streams, causing iron to precipitate out of the solution and form a rusty red oxidized iron
Pesticide application
Pesticides provide benefits to humans, but they can also have unexpected effects on humans and other non-post organisms that are not fully understood and have not been adequately investigated
Perchlorates
Group of harmful chemicals in the world were military Rockets are manufactured, tested, or dismantled can contaminate soil
Cuyahoga river
In 1952, the river cop fire after a spark ignited the film of industrial pollution that was floating on the surface of the water
Deep water horizon oil spill
Into 2010, broken pipe released an estimated 780,000,000 L of crude oil into the gulf of Mexico
Exxon Valdez oil spill
The oil tanker ran aground and spilled millions of leaders of crude oil onto the shore of Alaska, for the oil killed thousands of animals
Sources of oil in the ocean
Oil contamination in the ocean natural seems, extraction of oil from underneath the ocean, transport of loyal by Tanker or pipeline, in the consumption of petroleum based products
Seeps
Natural releases of oil in the bottom of the ocean
Solid waste pollution
Consists of discarded materials from households and industries that do not pose a toxic hazard to humans and other organisms
Sediment pollution
The result of human activities that can substantially increased amount of sediments entering natural waterways
Noise pollution
Sounds admitted by ships and submarines that interfere with animal communication for a major concern
Clean water act
Supports the protection and pro fish, shellfish, and wildlife and recreation in and on the water
Safe drinking water act
Sets the nationals standard for safe drinking water
Great pacific garbage patch
Collects much of the solid waste that is don't into waters and to concentrate in the middle of the rotating rooms in area of the size of Texas