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80 terms

microbiology - final (respiratory system)

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sore throat and difficulty swallowing, purulent abscesses covering tonsils
strep throat
causative organism for strep throat
sterp. pyogenes
number one cause of pharyngitis, and may progress to scarlet or rheumatic fever, most common in children ages 5-15
strep throat
strawberry red tongue
scarlet fever
causative organism for scarlet fever
strep. pyogenes
scarlet fever is also known as
scarletina
causative organism for diphtheria
corynebacterium diphtheria
characteristic palisade arrangement
diphtheria
pain and pressure of the affected sinus
sinusitis
causative organism for sinusitis
- moraxella catarrhalis
- strep. pyogenes
- haemophilus influenzae
- strep. pneumoniae
- strap. aureus
organism that most commonly causes sinusitis
moraxelia catarrhalis
only (gram -) causative organism of sinusitis
haemophilus influenzae
pain in the ears
otitis media
causative organisms for otitis media
- strep. pneumoniae
- haemophilus influenzae
- strap. aureus
- moraxella catarrhalis
- strep. pyogenes
most cases of otitis media are caused by which organism
strep. pneumoniae
causative organism for the common cold
- rhinovirus
- coronavirus
- adenovirus
only DNA virus causing the common cold
adenovirus
most common causative organism for the common cold
rhinovirus
second most common causative organism for the common cold
coronavirus
short, rapid breathing, high fever, cough, rust colored sputum, consolidation
pneumococcal pneumonia
causative organism for pneumococal pneumonia
strep. pneumoniae
mode of transmission for pneumococcal pneumonia
inhalation of bacteria
typical pneumonia
pneumococcal pneumonia
causative organism for mycoplasmal pneumonia
mycoplasma pneumoniae
mycoplasma pneumoniae is which type of pathogen
bacteria with no cell wall
atypical pneumonia "walking pneumonia"
mycoplasmal pneumonia
mode of transmission for mycoplasma pneumoniae
spread by nasal secretions
pneumonia symptoms combined with a thick bloody sputum "currant jelly sputum"
klebsiella pneumonia
causative organism for klebsiella pneumonia
klebsiella pneumoniae
mode of transmission for klebsiella pneumonia
opportunistic infection by normal digestive respiratory microbiota
people at greatest risk for klebsiella pneumonia
immuno-compromised individuals
causative organism for pneumonic plague
yersinia pestis
causative organism for ornithosis
chlamydophila psittaci
causative organism for legionnaires' disease
legionella pneumophila
causative organism for pontiac fever
legionella pneumophila
three types of tuberculosis
- primary TB (tubercles, Ghon's complex, caseous necrosis)
- secondary TB
- disseminated TB
causative organism for tuberculosis
mycobacterium tuberculosis
pott's disease
TB in spine
leading killer of HIV positive individuals
tuberculosis
4 phases of pertussis
- incubation
- catarrhal
- paroxysmal
- convalescent
causative organism for pertussis
bordetella pertussis
transmission mode for pertussis
inhalation
whooping cough
pertussis
tripod position
epiglottitis
causative organism for epiglottitis
haemophilus influenzae
causative organism for inhalational anthrax
bacillus anthracis
causative organism for influenza
influenza virus type A and B (orthomyxovirus)
causative organism for severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus
transmission mode for severe acute respiratory syndrome
large droplets form the upper respiratory tract
SARS, requires BSL-3
severe acute respiratory syndrome
bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children under 1
respiratory syncytial virus infection
transmission mode for respiratory syncytial virus infection
fomites, hands, respiratory droplets
most common childhood respiratory disease, leading cause of fatal respiratory disease in infants and children
respiratory syncytial virus infection
causative organism for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)
hantavirus
hantavirus pulmonary syndrome has which BSL
BSL-4
inflammation of larynx, trachea, and bronchi, "seal-bark" cough
croup
causative organism for croup
parainfluenza virus
people who are susceptible to croup
children
second most common cause of lower respiratory infection in young children
human metapneumovirus
resembles pneumonia or TB and forms spherules in the lungs
coccidioidomycosis
causative organism for coccidioidomycosis
coccidioides immitis
san joaquin valley fever
coccidioides immitis
could come from native american pots and blankets
coccidioides immitis
coccidioides immitis is which type of pathogen
fungus
causative organism for pulmonary blastomycosis
blastomyces dermatitidis
blastomyces dermatitidis is which type of pathogen
fungus
gilchrist's disease
blastomyces dermatitidis
causative organism for paracoccidioidomycosis
paracoccidioides brasiliensis
paracoccidioides brasiliensis is which type of pathogen
fungus
ohio river valley disease
paracoccidioidomycosis
most common fungal pathogen affecting humans
paracoccidioidomycosis
paracoccidioides brasiliensis are which type of pathogen
fungus
coughing with bloody sputum or skin lesions
histoplasmosis
causative organism for histoplasmosis
histoplasma capsulatum
histoplasma capsulatum is which type of pathogen
fungus
presence of this organism is almost diagnostic for AIDS
histoplasma capsulatum
most commonly causes only allergies
aspergillosis
causative organism for aspergillosis
aspergillus sp.
causative organism for killer black mold
stachybotrys chartarum
stachybotrys chartarum is which type of pathogen
fungus