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30 terms

Geography Exam Middle East

STUDY
PLAY
Desalination
process of removing salt from sea water
Islam/Koran/Five Pillars/Kabba/Allah/Muslim/Muhammad/Mosque
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Monotheism/Polytheism
monotheism - belief in one God
polytheism - belief in more than one God
Zionism - who, idea, belief, movement
1. who - Jewish people who believed Israel was their holy land
2. ideas/beliefs - movement/migration to escape, establish a Jewish state
3. worldwide Jewish treatment - poor, harsh, discriminated against
Balfour Declaration - who/when (cause and effect)
1. Balfour declaration - Britain's support for the Jewish homeland in Palestine
2. causes - allies, Zionism, immigration
3. effects - betrayal, anger, unfair, Jewish population is pleased
Self-determination
a country's right to decide their own political future
Partition of Palestine - reasons/results
reasons - British leave, compromise/agreement, control will be lost if they don't do something about it
results - Arabs have very little coast and very little share of the land, thought that all of their land was worthless
Arab-Israeli War/Six-Day War - geographical impacts
Palestinians lost a ton of land as well as the West Bank and Gaza Strip
West Bank/Gaza Strip
"occupied" territories in Israel, originally to be Palestinian lands under the partition
PLO
name - Palestinian Liberation Organization
who - Palestinians in exile government
role - destroy Israel through attacks, terrorism, and to liberate Palestine
Palestinians/Israelis
1. Palestinians - early settlers, homeland was Palestine, ancestors that lived here
2. Jews - ancestors also settled here, believed that Palestine was their holy land, they have lived here for centuries
Mandate
land to be governed by outside power
Partition
a division into separate parts
Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia) - location, importance
stretches from modern day Iraq to Israel; important because it was the birthplace of both agriculture and civilization
Tigris/Euphrates - geographical impacts, location, advantages
1. location - Iraq
2. geographical impacts/advantages - fertile plain,urban centers, irrigation makes them have better growing and more successful crops, electricity, freshwater provides water to drink and the continuation of an agricultural society
Kurds
largest stateless minority group in the world
Petroleum - what, impacts on the Middle East
oil, impacts include wealth, greed, development, infrastructure, and exporting
Embargo
restriction on trade with other countries
Confessionalism
system where power is distributed evenly
Endorheic vs. Exorheic Basins
endorheic - drainage basin that retains water and allows no outflow
exorheic - basin where water flows out
Hypersaline Lake
landlocked, containing large amounts of salts
Dead Sea - characteristics, location, geographical importance/benefits
lowest point on earth, so salty nothing can survive in it, hypersaline, endorheic, part of the Great Rift Valley, therapeutic properties, healing powers, minerals
OPEC - who, purpose
OPEC is Venezuela, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Iran that get together to discuss how much oil to produce and at what price to sell it; cartel; monopoly; has the power to regulate
Oasis - formation, importance
a fertile tract in a desert (where the water table approaches the surface)
Aquifer
underground bed or layer yielding ground water for wells and springs etc
Peak Oil - idea and meaning
when oil extraction rates max out and begin to decline, the demand and cost for oil will go upwards, and the supply will go downwards
Potash
a mineral used in explosives and fertilizer and is extracted from the Dead Sea
Suez Canal - location and importance
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Sinai Peninsula
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Empty Quarter - location, geography, impacts
Arabian Peninsula, largest sand desert in the world, not one single body of fresh water, the world's largest known petroleum reserves