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85 terms

Middle East Geography+++

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Algeria
-Algiers-most people live on Med. coast-largest country in middle east-islam-monarchy
Egypt
-Cairo-cairo is largest city in Africa-90% live along Nile-culture hearth-close ally-islam-republic-most populated country
Libya
-Tripoli- 90%desert -oil-Qaddhafi-islam
Morocco
-Rabat-leading producers of phosphate -islam-monarchy
Western Sahara
-El Aaiun-still may be controlled by Morocco
Qatar
Doha-oil rich-islam-desert
Saudi Arabia
-Riyahd-largest exporter of oil in world -most of arabian peninsula-islam-monarchy
Syria
-Damascus-islam-monarchy
Turkey
-Ankara-urban-2nd most populated-islam-parliamentary- half in europe
United Arab Emirates
-Abu Dhabi -oil rish-desert-islam
Yemen
-Sanaa-subsistance farming-poorest country-islam -parliamentary
Tunisia
-Tunis-smallest NA country-islam-republic
Afghanistan
-Kabul-easternmost country-no seacoasts-covered by Hindu-Kush Mts. -civil wars and invasians, ethinic groups fight-islam-farming
Bahrain
-Manama -archipelago -oil rich -most densly populated-islam -monarchy ruled by Emir
Cyprus
-Nicosia-island nation -christianity -greek and truks dont trust eachother
Iran
-Tehran -used to be persia -3rd most populated -war, terrorism - islam-theocracy
Iraq
-Baghdad -in between Tigris and Euphrates -invaded Kuwait, bad off after war -islam -dictatorship Suddam Hussein
Israel
-Jeruselum -USA gives 3million $ -conflict -Judaism -democracy -founded by zionests -1948 became a country
Jordan
-Amman -seperated from Israel by Dead Sea -islam -constitutional monarchy
Kuwait
-Kuwait-oil rich- desert-ruled by wealthy native families -rebuilding after Iraq -islam
Lebanon
Beirut -btw Israel and Syria -civil war left bad economy -no stable gov -60% islam 40% christian
Oman
-Muscat -largly desert -oil -sultan -islam
Momar Qadhaffi
-dictator of Libya -overthrown and killed
Saddam Hussein
-former leader of Iraq -tried and killed -attacked Kuwait and started Persian War...
Hosni Mubarak
-retired leader of Egypt...
Bahsar al-Assad
-president of Syria...
Islam
-started by Muhammad -based on Ishmael -5 pillars -holy city is Mecca -Koran is holy book -ceremonies in mosque -most common in Middle east...
Judaism
-founded by Abraham -oldest religion -Israel is official country -Jeruselum is capital city -Torah is holy book - ceremonies in temples -faced a lot of persecution...
Christianity
-based on teachings of Jesus -ceremonies in church -Bible is book...
Anatolia Peninsula
-Turkey -surrounded by Black Sea and Meditteranean Sea...
Arabian Peninsula
Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Qatar, UAE, most of oil...
Sinai Peninsula
part of Egypt, seperated by Suez Canal...
Caspian Sea
largest inland body of water -saltwater lake ...
Aral Sea
-rapidly shrinking - was fourth largest - Soviet Union dried up...
Dead Sea
-saltiest sea -forms jordan israeli border...
Tigris Rv
shorter -in Iraq -controled -irragation...
Euphrates Rv
longer -in Iraq -controlled -used for irrigation
Mesopotamia
-the land between two rivers -in Iraq -Euphrates and Tigris form border.
Nile Rv
-longest river in world -only thing keeping Egypt from being all desert -flows north -90% pop lives around it...
Aswan High Dam
-built on Nile -controls floods, irrigates land, supplies hydroelectic power, fishing -largest artificial dam -no more natural fertilizer, causes death from parasites and disease
Atlas Mts
-in morocco and algeria -africas longest mountain range ...
Hejaz Mts
-western coast of arabian peninsula...
Asir Mts
-weestern coast of arabian peninsula...
Pontic Mts
on anatolia peninsula...
Taurus Mts
on bottom on anatolia peninsula...
Caucasus Mts
btw black sea and caspian sea...
Sahara
-largest desert -not sand, mostly rock...
Kara Kum
-black sand desert- covers most of turkmenestien...
Kyzyl Kum
-red sand desert -covers most of uzebeckestein...
Rubal Khali
-largest sad desert -empty quarter -Saudi Arabia...
alluvial soil
rish soil deposited from moving water...
wadi
river or stream that fills only with heavy rains...
kum
desert...
phosphate
chemical used in fertilizers, found in morocco...
oasis
-where spring wells up in desert -only place inhabitable in desert...
pastoralism
-raising and grazing of livestock...
cereal
-grains and oats...
ethnic diversity
-differences among groups of people...
infrastructure
-the bases for a city, company, etc. ...
domesticate
-tame animals and plants...
culture hearth
-start of a civilazation, Egypt...
cuneiform
-wedgeshaped symbols first created by somalians...
hieroglyphics
-way of writing with pictures created by egyptians...
qanat
underground canals, developed by persians...
monotheism
-belief in one god -judaism, christianily, islam...
prophet
-messenger of god...
mosque
-muslim prayer house...
nationalism
-belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independant counrty...
nationalize
-place under government control...
embargo
-place restrictions on or halt trade...
Mecca
-holy city for muslims...
hajj
-trip to mecca required for muslims...
ziggurat
-pyramid shaped temples built by somalians
bedouin
-desert nomad...
bazaar
-traditional marketplace...
arable
-able to be farmed...
commodity
-economic good...
petrochemical
-products derived from petroeum ornatural gas...
GDP
-gross domestic product -value of goods and services in a country...
aquifer
underground layers of porous rock
desalination
-the process of removing salt from water...
Israel and Palestine
-when palestine became israel it forced out native palestinians, the arab countries want to fight back but israel hass the support of the entire world, israel won the west bank, the golan heights, and the gaza strip(gave back) -the USA is the only reason that israel is still there and not blown up
Iran and Nukes
-iran is trying to develope ways to use nuclear power and develope their nuclear capabilities -afraid they will blow up israel -Ahmadinejad is president of Iran, hates israel- saying nukes are peaceful -israel wats to bomb iran b4 they get them, USA thinks sanctions will work and it will take a while for them to have a bomb
Osama Bin Laden
-responsible for 9/11 -found in Pakistan, pakistan was spossed to be our allies and they hid him -USA went in and killed him in 2011- pakistan mad we invaded
Suez Canal
connects red sea to medittereanian sea