86 terms

Adobe Illustrator CC - Detailed

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Describe two ways to change the view of a document.
You can choose commands from the View menu to zoom in or out to fit your screen. You can also use the zoom tool in the zoom tools panel and click or drag over a document to enlarge or reduce the view.
How do you select a tool in Illustrator?
You can either click the tool in the Tools panel or press the keyboard shortcut for that tool.
Describe three ways to navigate between artboards in Illustrator.
You can choose the artboard number from the artboard Navigation menu in the lower left of the document window, you can use the artboard navigation arrows in the lower left of the document window to go to the first, or you can use the navigator panel to drag the proxy view area to navigate between dartboards.
How do you save panel locations and visibility preferences?
Choose Window > Workspace > New Workspace
Describe how arranging document windows can be helpful.
It allows you to tile windows or to cascade document groups. This can be useful if you are working on multiple illustrator files and you need to compare or share content between them.
How can you select an object that has no fill?
Click the stroke or by dragging a marquee across the object.
Name two ways you can select an item in a group without choosing Object > Ungroup.
Use the group selection tool or double click the group to enter Isolation mode, edit the shapes as needed, and then exit Isolation mode by pressing the escape key or by double clicking outside the group.
Of the two Selection tools (Selection and Direct Selection), which allows you to edit the individual anchor points of an object?
Direct Selection tool
What should you do after creating a selection that you are going to use repeatedly?
Choose Select > Save Selection. Name the selection so you can reselect it at any time from the Select menu.
Sometimes you are unable to select an object because it is underneath another object. Name two ways to get around this issue.
You can choose Object > Hide > Selection to hide the blocking object. (It is hidden until you choose Object > Show all). You can also use the Selection tool to select behind content by pressing Ctrl/Command key and then clicking on the overlapping objects until the object you want to select is selected.
To align objects to the artboard, what do you need to first select in the Align panel or Control panel before you choose an alignment option?
First select the Align to Artboard option.
What are the basic tools for creating shapes?
There are six basic tools: Rectangle, Rounded Rectangle, Ellipse, Polygon, Star, and Flare
How do you draw a square?
Select the rectangle tool in the Tools panel. Hold down the Shift key and drag to draw the square or click the artboard to enter the dimensions.
How do you change the number of sides on a polygon as you draw?
Select the Polygon tool in the Tools panel. Start dragging to draw the shape and press the down arrow key to reduce the number of sides and the up arrow to increase the number of sides.
Name two ways you can combine several shapes into one.
Using the Shape Builder tool or the Pathfinder effects to create new shapes out of overlapping objects.
How can you convert a raster image to editable vector shapes?
By tracing it. To convert the tracing to paths, click Expand in the Control panel or choose Object > Image Trace > Expand.
Name two ways to change the size of an existing active artboard.
You can double-click the Artboard tool and edit the dimensions or select the Artboard tool, position the pointer over an edge/corner, and drag to resize.
How can you rename an artboard?
Select the Artboard tool and click to select an artboard. Change the name in the Name field in the Control Panel. You can also double click the name of the artboard in the Artboard panel to rename it.
What is the ruler origin?
The point where 0 appears on each ruler
What is the difference between artboard rulers and global rulers?
Artboard rulers (default rulers) set the ruler origin at the upper-left corner of the active artboard. Global rulers set the ruler origin at the upper-left corner of the first artboard, no matter which is active.
Briefly describe what the Scale Strokes and Effects option does.
Found in the Transform panel, it scales any stroke and effect as the object is scaled.
Name at least three transformations that can be applied with the Free Transformation tool.
It can move, scale, rotate, shear, and distort.
Describe how to draw straight vertical, horizontal, or diagonal lines using the Pen tool.
To draw a straight line, click twice with the Pen tool. The To constrain the straight line vertically, horizontally, or along a 45 degree angle, press the Shift key as you click to create the second anchor point with the Pen tool.
How do you draw a curve line using the Pen tool?
Click to create the starting anchor point, drag to set the direction of the curve, and then click to end the curve.
How do you draw a corner point on a curved line?
Press the Alt/Option key and drag the direction handle on the endpoint of the curve to change the direction of the path. Continue dragging to draw the next curved segment on the path.
Name two ways to convert a smooth point on a curve to a corner point.
Use the Direct Selection tool to select the anchor point and then use the Convert Anchor Point tool to drag a direction handle to change the direction. Another method is to chose a point or points with the Direct Selection Point tool and then click the Convert Selection Anchor Points to Corner button in the Control panel.
Which tool would you use to edit a segment on a curved line?
Select the Direct Selection tool and drag the segment to move it or drag a direction handle on an anchor point to adjust the length and share of the segment.
How can you change the way the Pencil tool works?
Double-click the Pencil tool in the Tools panel to open the Pencil Tool Options dialog box. There you can change the smoothness, fidelity, and other options.
Describe what a global color is.
A color swatch that, when you edit, automatically updates all artwork that has it applied. All spot colors are global, however, process colors can be either global or local.
How can you save a color?
You can save it by adding it to the Swatches panel.
How can you choose color harmonies for color inspiration?
You can choose from the Color Guide panel.
Name two things that the Recolor Artwork dialog box allows you to do.
You can use it to change the colors used in the selected artwork, create and edit color groups, or reassign or reduce the colors in your artwork, among other functions.
How do you add pattern swatches to the Swatches panel?
You can by either creating content for the pattern or by deselecting all content and choosing Object > Pattern > Make. In Pattern Editing mode, you can edit the pattern and preview it.
Explain what Live Paint allows you to do.
Live Paint lets you paint vector graphics intuitively, by automatically detecting and correcting gaps that might otherwise affect the application of fills and strokes.
Name two methods for creating a text area in Adobe Illustrator.
With the Type tool, click the artboard and start typing when the cursor appears. With the Type tool, drag and create a text area. With the Type tool, click a path or closed shape to convert it to text on a path or click in a text area.
What does the Touch Type tool let you do?
It allows you to visually edit certain character formatting options for individual characters in text. You can edit the character rotation, kerning, baseline shift, and horizontal and vertical scale of text.
What is overflow text?
When text does not fit within an area type object.
What is text threading?
It allows you to continue text from one object to the next by linking type (text) objects.
What is the difference between a character style and a paragraph style?
A character style can be applied to selected text only. A paragraph style is applied to an entire paragraph. Paragraph styles are best for indents, margins, and line spacing.
What is the advantage of converting text to outlines?
Converting text to outlines eliminates the need to send the fonts along with the file when sharing with others
Name at least two benefits of using layers when creating artwork?
The benefits include: Organizing content, selecting content more easily, protecting artwork that you don't want to change, hiding artwork that you aren't working with so that it's not distracting, and controlling what prints.
How do you hide layers? How do you show individual layers?
To hide a layer, click to deselect the eye icon to the left of the layer name in the Layers panel. Select the blank, leftmost column to show a layer.
Describe how to reorder layers in a file.
You reorder layers by selecting a layer name in the Layers panel and dragging the layer to its new location.
What is the purpose of changing the color for a layer?
The color for a layer controls how selected anchor points and direction lines are displayed on a layer and helps you identify the different layers in your document.
What happens if you paste a layered file into another file? Why is the Paste Remembers Layer option useful?
The paste commands paste layered files or objects copied from different layers into the active layer by default. The Paste Remembers Layers option keeps the original layers intact when the objects are pasted.
How do you create a layer clipping mask?
Select the layer and click the Make/Release Clipping Mask button in the Layers panel.
How do you apply an effect to a layer? How can you edit that effect?
Click the target icon for the layer to which you want to apply an effect. Then, choose an effect from the Effect menu or by clicking the Add New Effect button in the appearance panel. To edit the effect, make sure that the layer is selected and then click the name of the effect in the Appearance panel.
There are three preset grids. Describe briefly what each could be used for.
The three presets are: one-point perspective - Useful for roads, railway tracks, or buildings viewed so that the front is directly facing the viewers, two-point perspective - Useful for drawing a cube, going off in the distance, and vanishing points, and three-point perspective - Useful for buildings seen from above or below.
How can you show or hide the perspective grid?
You can show the perspective of a grid by selecting the Perspective Grid tool in the Tools panel, View > Perspective Grid > Show Grid. To hide the grid, choose View > Perspective Grid > Hide Grid.
Before drawing content on a grid plane, what must be done to ensure that the object is on the correct grid plane?
The correct grid plane must be selected by choosing it in the Plane Switching Widget, by using the following keyboard commands: Left Grid, Horizontal Grid, Right Grid, or No Active Grid.
What does double-clicking a grid plane control allow you to do?
It allows you to move the plane.
How do you move an object perpendicular to the grid?
Use the Perspective Selection tool, hold down the number 5 key, and drag the object perpendicular to the plane.
What is a gradient?
A graduated blend of two or more colors or of tints of the same color.
Name two ways to apply a gradient to a selected object.
1. Select the Stroke of Fill box and then click the Gradient box in the Tools panel.
2. Change the Fill color or Stroke color in the control panel.
3. Select the Stroke or Fill box in the Tools panel.
4. Use the Eyedropper tool to sample a gradient from an object from an object in your artwork.
5. Select the Stroke or Fill box in the Gradient panel.
How do you adjust the blend between colors in a gradient?
With the Gradient tool selected and with the pointer over the gradient annotator or int he Gradient panel, you can drag the diamond icons or the color stops of the gradient slider.
How can you adjust the direction of the gradient?
Drag with the Gradient tool to adjust the direction of a gradient.
What is the difference between a gradient and a blend?
The difference is the way that colors combine together--colors blend together within a gradient using the Gradient tool and change the radius, aspect ratio, starting point, and more.
What is the Paintbrush tool? How do you apply the brush to the artwork?
If a brush is chosen in the Brushes panel and you draw on the artboard, the brush applied is applied directly to the paths as you draw. To apply, select the tool and draw in the artwork.
Describe how to edit paths with the Paintbrush tool as you draw. How does the Keep Selected option affect the Paintbrush tool?
To edit a path, drag over a selected path to redraw it. The Keep Selected option keeps the last path selected as you draw the the Paintbrush tool.
Describe how artwork in an Art brush is applied to content.
An Art brush is made from artwork. When you apply the brush stroke to an object, the artwork in the Artbrush is stretched along the selected object stroke.
What must be done to raster image in order for it for be used in certain brushes?
A raster image must be embedded.
For which brush types must you have artwork selected on the dartboard before you can create a brush?
For Art and Scatter brushes, you need to have artwork selected in order to create a brush using the New Brush button in the Brushes panel.
What does the Blob Brush tool allow you to create?
It allows you to edit filled shapes that you can intersect and merge with other shapes of the same color or to create artwork from scratch.
Name two ways to apply an effect to an object.
You can select the object and choosing the effect from the Effect menu. You can also select the object, click the Add New Effect button in the Appearance panel, and choose the effect from the menu.
When you apply a Photoshop effect to a vector artwork, what happens to the artwork?
It causes it a generate pixels rather than vector data.
Where can the effects applied to an object be edited once they are applied?
You can edit affects in the Appearance panel.
What three types of 3D effects are available?
Extrude and Bevel, revolve, and rotate.
How can you control lighting on a 3D object?
By clicking the More Options button in any of the 3D dialog boxes, you can change the light, the direction of the light, and the shade color.
How do you add a second stroke to an object?
Click Add New Stroke Button in the Appearance panel.
What's the difference between applying a graphic style to a layer versus applying it to an object?
After a graphic style, everything you add to the layer has that style is added to it.
How do you apply a second graphic style to artwork?
Option-click another graphic style in the Graphic Styles panel
Why do we align content to the pixel grid?
All horizontal and vertical segments in the object get aligned to the pixel grid, which provides a crisp appearance to strokes.
Name the three image file types that can be chosen in the Save for Web dialog box.
JPEG, GIF, and PNG
Describe the difference between named and unnamed content, when it comes to generating CSS.
Named content is content that has had the name of the selected artwork changed in the Layers panel. Unnamed content is content which has not had its name changed in the Layers panel from the default.
What are the three benefits of using symbols?
1. You can edit one symbol and all instances are updated.
2. You can map artwork to 3D objects
3. Using symbols reduces file size
How do you update an existing symbol?
Double click the symbol icon in the Symbols panel and then click the Edit Symbol button in the Control panel.
Name something that cannot be used as a symbol.
A linked image cannot be used as a symbol.
Name the Symbolism tool that is used for shifting symbol instances in a symbol set.
The Symbol Shifter tool allows you to shift symbol instances in a symbol set.
If you are using a Symbolism tool on an area that has two different symbols applied, which one is affected?
The symbol active in the Symbols panel is the only instance affected.
How can you access symbols from other documents?
By clicking the Symbol Libraries Menu button at the bottom of the Symbols panel and by choosing Other Library from that menu
Describe the difference between linking and embedding in Illustrator.
A linked file is a separate, external file connected to the Illustrator file by an electronic link. An embedded file is included in the Illustrator file.
What kinds of objects can be used as masks?
A mask can be a simple or compound path. You can use type as a mask.
How do you create an opacity mask for a placed image?
Place the object to be used as a mask on top of the object to be masked. Then, you select the mask and the object to be masked and either click the Make Mask button or Make Opacity Mask button.
What color modifications can you apply to a selected object using effects?
You can use effects to change the color mode or to adjust individual colors in a selected object. You can also saturate and desaturate colors or invert colors in a selected object.
Describe how to replace a placed image with another image in a document.
Select the image in the Links panel. Then, click the Relink button and locate and select the replacement image. Click Place.
Describe what packaging does
Packaging is used to gather all of the necessary pieces for an Illustrator document. Packaging creates a copy of the Illustrator file, the linked images, and the necessary fonts, and gathers them all into a folder.