25 terms

Chapters 17 & 18 Reconstruction and Opening the West

rebuilding of the south and readmitting confederate states back into the union
Presidential reconstruction
president in control of the reconstruction process
Radical reconstruction
congress in control of the reconstruction process
pardon (free pass)
former slaves
martial law
military law
a formal charge of misconduct or wrong doing
white southerners who opposed secession; cooperate with Republicans and helped blacks
northerners who move south for political or economical opportunity or to reform
legal seperation based on race
Black Codes
laws to keep blacks inferior
Jim Crow laws
laws passed that seperated public spaces
Ku Klux Klan used fear and violence to control freedmen
13th Amendment
abolishes slavery in U.S.
14th Amendment
states anyone born in the U.S. is a citizen and guarentees all citizens have equal protection
15th Amendment
right to vote cannot be denied based on race; protects freedmen's right to vote
Literacy Test
read and explain parts of the Constitution etc.
Poll Tax
pay a fee to vote
Grandfather Clause
could vote if your grandfather voted in elections prior to Reconstruction
Freedman's Bureau
government agency to help formerr slaves adjust to freedom
Plessy vs. ferguson
Homer Plessy (black) jailed for sitting in "white's only" railroad car; "seperate but equal"
Lincoln's 10% Plan
When 10% of voters in southern states pledge oath of loyalty they can form new government and write a new state constitution banning slavery
Reconstruction act of 1867
demands new governments in 10 southern state; create 5 military districts under martial law; bans former confederate leaders from political office
Johnson impeached
he opposed congress's reconstruction plan
How did southern states legally restrict blacks from voting?
poll tax, literacy test, and grandfather clause