Chapters 17 & 18 Reconstruction and Opening the West
rebuilding of the south and readmitting confederate states back into the union
president in control of the reconstruction process
congress in control of the reconstruction process
pardon (free pass)
a formal charge of misconduct or wrong doing
white southerners who opposed secession; cooperate with Republicans and helped blacks
northerners who move south for political or economical opportunity or to reform
legal seperation based on race
laws to keep blacks inferior
Jim Crow laws
laws passed that seperated public spaces
Ku Klux Klan used fear and violence to control freedmen
abolishes slavery in U.S.
states anyone born in the U.S. is a citizen and guarentees all citizens have equal protection
right to vote cannot be denied based on race; protects freedmen's right to vote
read and explain parts of the Constitution etc.
pay a fee to vote
could vote if your grandfather voted in elections prior to Reconstruction
government agency to help formerr slaves adjust to freedom
Plessy vs. ferguson
Homer Plessy (black) jailed for sitting in "white's only" railroad car; "seperate but equal"
Lincoln's 10% Plan
When 10% of voters in southern states pledge oath of loyalty they can form new government and write a new state constitution banning slavery
Reconstruction act of 1867
demands new governments in 10 southern state; create 5 military districts under martial law; bans former confederate leaders from political office
he opposed congress's reconstruction plan
How did southern states legally restrict blacks from voting?
poll tax, literacy test, and grandfather clause