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25 terms

bio exam 2 review

which of the following do mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common
both have a double membrane structure
which of the following processes includes all others (osmosis, diffusion of a solute across a membrane, facilitated diffusion, and transport of an ion down its electrochemical gradient)
passive transport
which of the following are functions of the cytoskeleton
support, and motility
which of the following is incorrect about the extracellular matrix
it is present in plant and animal cells
which of the following is correct about the extracellular matrix
it contains a mixture of proteins and carbohydrates, it can transmit mechanical information to the cell's interior, contains collagen, and it is attached to the plasma membrane
which one of the following molecules is most likely to diffuse freely across the lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane without the involvement of a transport protein
carbon dioxide
which of the following would be least likely to diffuse through a plasma membrane without the help of a transport protein
a polar molecule
which of the following statements is true about passive transport
passive transport permits the transported molecules to move in either direction, but the majority of tranport occurs down the concentration gradient of the molecule
which of the following statements is true about diffusion
it is a passive process
which one of the following is not in some way involved in facilitated diffusion
an outside energy source
imagine two solutions separated by a selectively membrane that allows water to pass, but not sucrose or glucose. The membrane separates a .2 molar sucrose solution from a .2 molar glucose solution. with time , how will the solution change
after sucrose dissociates to two monosaccharides, water will be osmotically drawn to that side of the membrane.
is active transport driven by a concentration gradient
what is the voltage across a cell membrane called
membrane potential
one of the functions of cholesterol in animal cell membrane is to
maintain membrane fluidity
which of the following is a difference between active transport and facilitated diffusion
active transport requires energy from ATP, and facilitated diffusion does not
which one of the following pairs matches the name of a membrane transport process with the primary function of that process
pinocytosis-the uptake of water and small solutes into the cell by formation of vesicles at the plasma membrane.
which of the following correctly states the relationship between anabolic and catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways synthesize more complex organix molecules using the energy derived from catabolic pathways
according to the second law of thermodynamics, which of the following is true
the decrease in entropy associated with life must be compensated for by an increase in entropy in the environment that life occurs in
metabolic pathways in cells are typically far from equilibrium. Which of the following processes tend to keep these pathways away from equilibrium
the continuous removal of the products of a pathway to be used in other reactions, and an input of free energy from outside the pathway (eg: food)
powers most cellular work, can couple exergonic reactions to endergonic reactions, phosphorylates proteins, and is converted to ADP and Pi by an exergonic process
a chemical reaction is designated as exergonic rather than endergonic when
the products are less complex than the reactants.
which of the following statements about enzymes is true
enzymes speed up the rate of the reaction without changing the delta-G for the reaction.
which of the following statements about enzymes is incorrect
enzymes generally slow reaction rates
which of the following statements about the active site of an enzyme is correct
the active site may resemble a groove or pocket in the surface of a protein into which the substrate fits
the process of stabilizing the structure of an enzyme in its active form by the binding of a molecule is an example of
allosteric regulation