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de/di2/di4 (possessive particle)/of, really and truly, aim/clear

yi1 one/1/single/a(n)

shi4 is/are/am/yes/to be

bu4/bu2 (negative prefix)/not/no

le/liao3/liao4 (modal particle intensifying preceding clause)/(completed action marker), to know/to understand/to know, clear, look afar

zai4 (located) at/in/exist

ren2 man/person/people

you3 to have/there is/there are/to exist/to be

wo3 I/me/myself

ta1 he/him

zhe4/zhei4 this/these, this/these/(sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing)

ge4 (a measure word)/individual

men (plural marker for pronouns and a few animate nouns)

zhong1/zhong4 within/among/in/middle/center/while (doing sth)/during/China/Chinese, hit (the mark)

lai2 to come

shang4 on/on top/upon/first (of two parts)/previous or last (week, etc.)/upper/higher/above/previous/to climb/to go into/above/to go up

da4/dai4 big/huge/large/major/great/wide/deep/oldest/eldest, doctor

wei2/wei4 act as/ be/to be/to do/to serve as/to become, because of/for/to

he2/he4/huo2/huo4 and/together with/with/peace/harmony/union, cap (a poem)/respond in singing, soft/warm, mix together/to blend

guo2 country/state/nation

de/di4 (subor. part. adverbial)/-ly, earth/ground/field/place/land

dao4 to (a place)/until (a time)/up to/to go/to arrive

yi3 to use/according to/so as to/in order to/by/with/because/Israel (abbrev.)

shui4/shuo1 persuade (politically), to speak/to say

shi2 o'clock/time/when/hour/season/period

yao1/yao4 demand/ask/request/coerce, important/vital/to want/to be going to/must

jiu4 at once/then/right away/only/(emphasis)/to approach/to move towards/to undertake

chu1 to go out/to come out/to occur/to produce/to go beyond/to rise/to put forth/to occur/to happen/(a measure word for dramas, plays, or

hui4/kuai4 can/be possible/be able to/to assemble/to meet/to gather/to see/union/group/association, to balance an account/accounting

ke3 can/may/able to/certain(ly)/to suit/(particle used for emphasis)

ye3 also/too

ni3 you

dui4 couple/pair/to be opposite/to oppose/to face/for/to/correct (answer)/to answer/to reply/to direct (towards sth)/right

sheng1 to be born/to give birth/life/to grow

neng2 can/may/capable/energy/able

er2 and/as well as/but (not)/yet (not)/(shows causal relation)/(shows change of state)/(shows contrast)

zi3/zi 11 p.m.-1 a.m./1st earthly branch/child/midnight/son/child/seed/egg/small thing, (noun suff.)

na3/na4/nei4 how/which, that/those, that/those/(sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing)

de2/de/dei3 obtain/get/gain/proper/suitable/proud/contented/allow/permit/ready/finished, a sentence particle used after a verb to show effect/degree or o need to

yu2 (surname), in/at/to/from/by/than/out of

zhao1/zhao2/zhe/zhu4/zhuo2 catch/receive/suffer, part. indicates the successful result of a verb/to touch/to come in contact with/to feel/to be affected by/to catch ndicates an

xia4 under/second (of two parts)/next (week, etc.)/lower/below/underneath/down(wards)/to decline/to go down/latter

zi4 from/self/oneself/since

zhi1 (literary equivalent of 的)/(subor. part.)/him/her/it

nian2 year

guo4 (experienced action marker)/to cross/to go over/to pass (time)/to celebrate (a holiday)/to live/to get along/(surname)/excessively/too-

fa1/fa4 to send out/to show (one's feeling)/to issue/to develop, hair

hou4 empress/queen/surname, back/behind/rear/afterwards/after/later

zuo4 to regard as/to take (somebody) for/to do/to make

li3 inside/internal/interior, village/within/inside, Chinese mile/neighborhood/li, a Chinese unit of length = one-half kilometer/hometown

yong4 to use

dao4 direction/way/method/road/path/principle/truth/reason/skill/method/Tao (of Taoism)/a measure word/to say/to speak/to talk

hang2/xing2/xing4 a row/profession/professional, all right/capable/competent/OK/okay/to go/to do/to travel/temporary/to walk/to go/will do, behavior/conduct

suo3 actually/place

ran2 correct/right/so/thus/like this/-ly

jia1 furniture/tool, -ist/-er/-ian/home/family/a person engaged in a certain art or profession

zhong3/zhong4 kind/type/race/breed/seed/species (taxonomy), to plant/to cultivate

shi4 matter/thing/item/work/affair

cheng2/cheng4 finish/complete/accomplish/become/turn into/win/succeed/one tenth, finish/complete/accomplish/become/turn into/win/succeed/one t

fang1 square/quadrilateral/direction/just

duo1 many/much/a lot of/numerous/multi-

jing1 classics/sacred book/pass through/to undergo/scripture

ma/me/yao1 (interrog. part.), (interrog. suff.), one on dice/small

qu4 to go/to leave/to remove

fa3 law/method/way/Buddhist teaching/Legalist/France (abbrev.)

xue2 learn/study/science/-ology

ru2 as (if)/such as

dou1/du1 all/both (if two things are involved)/entirely (due to)each/even/already, (surname)/metropolis/capital city

tong2 like/same/similar/together/alike/with

xian4 appear/present/now/existing/current

dang1/dang4 to be/to act as/manage/withstand/when/during/ought/should/match equally/equal/same/obstruct/just at (a time or place)/on the spot/right/just at,

mei2/mo4 (negative prefix for verbs)/have not/not, drowned/to end/to die/to inundate

dong4 to use/to act/to move/to change

mian4 fade/side/surface/aspect/top/face/flour/noodles, flour/noodles

qi3 to rise/to raise/to get up

kan1/kan4 to look after/to take care of/to watch/to guard, it depends/think/to see/to look at

ding4 to set/to fix/to determine/to decide/to order

tian1 day/sky/heaven

fen1/fen4 to divide/minute/(a measure word)/(a unit of length = 0.33 centimeter), part

hai2/huan2/huan4 also/in addition/more/still/else/still/yet/(not) yet, (surname)/pay back/return

jin4 advance/enter/to come in

hao3/hao4 good/well, be fond of

xiao3 small/tiny/few/young

bu4 ministry/department/section/part/division/troops/board/(a measure word)/(a measure word for works of literature, films, machines, etc.)

qi2 his/her/its/theirs/that/such/it (refers to sth preceding it)

xie1 some/few/several/(a measure word)

zhu3 to own/to host/master/lord/primary

yang4 manner/pattern/way/appearance/shape

li3 reason/logic/science/inner principle or structure

xin1 heart/mind

ta1 she

ben3 roots or stems of plants/origin/source/this/the current/root/foundation/basis/(a measure word)

qian2 before/in front/ago/former/previous/earlier/front

kai1 open/operate (vehicle)/start

dan4 but/yet/however/only/merely/still

yin1 cause/reason/because

qi2/zhi1/zhi3 earth-spirit/peace, (a measure word, for birds and some animals, etc.)/single/only, M for one of a pair, only/merely/just/but, but/only

cong1/cong2/zong4 lax/yielding/unhurried, from/obey/observe/follow, second cousin

xiang3 to think/to believe/to suppose/to wish/to want/to miss

shi2 real/true/honest/really/solid

ri4 Japan/day/sun/date/day of the month

jun1 army/military/arms

zhe3 -ist, -er (person)/person (who does sth)

yi4 idea/meaning/wish/desire/(abbr.) Italy

wu2 -less/not to have/no/none/not/to lack/un-

li4 power/force/strength

ta1 it

yu2/yu3/yu4 (interrog. part.), and/to give/together with, take part in

chang2/zhang3 length/long/forever/always/constantly, chief/head/elder/to grow/to develop

ba3/ba4 (a measure word)/(marker for direct-object)/to hold/to contain/to grasp/to take hold of, handle

ji1 machine/opportunity/secret

shi2 ten/10

min2 the people/nationality/citizen

di4 (prefix before a number, for ordering numbers, e.g. "first", "number two", etc)

gong1 just/honorable (designation)/public/common

ci3 this/these

yi3 already/to stop/then/afterwards

gong1 work/worker/skill/profession/trade/craft/labor


shi3 to make/to cause/to enable/to use/to employ/messenger

qing2 feeling/emotion/passion/situation

ming2 clear/bright/to understand/next/the Ming dynasty

xing4 sex/nature/surname/suffix corresponding to -ness or -ity

zhi1 to know/to be aware

quan2 all/whole/entire/every/complete

san1 three/3

you4 (once) again/also/both... and.../again

guan1 (surname)/mountain pass/to close/to shut/to turn off/to concern/to involve

dian3 (downwards-right convex character stroke)/o'clock/(a measure word)/point/dot/(decimal) point)

zheng1/zheng4 Chinese 1st month of year, just (right)/main/upright/straight/correct/principle

ye4 business/occupation/study

wai4 outside/in addition/foreign/external

jiang1/jiang4 (will, shall, "future tense")/ready/prepared/to get/to use, a general

liang3 both/two/ounce/some/a few/tael

gao1 high/tall

jian1/jian4 between/among/space/(measure word), interstice/separate

you2 follow/from/it is of/due to/by/to/to leave it (to sb)

wen4 to ask

hen3 very/extremely

zui4 (the) most/-est

chong2/zhong4 to double/to repeat/repetition/iteration/again/a layer, heavy/serious

bing4 and/furthermore/(not) at all/simultaneously/also/together with/to combine/to join/to merge, amalgamate/combine, and/also/together with

wu4 thing/object/matter

shou3 hand/convenient

ying1/ying4 ought, (surname)/to answer/to respond

zhan4 to fight/fight/war/battle

xiang4 direction/part/side/towards/to/guide/opposite to, guide/opposite to

tou2/tou head, suff. for nouns

wen2 language/culture/writing/formal/literary

ti3 body/form/style/system

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