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120 terms

Vocab Exam Review

Lessons 9-16
STUDY
PLAY
pique
to cause another's pride to be wounded
linguistics
the study of language
plebeian
a commoner; one from the lower class
precocious
showing early development, especially mental
predatory
inclined to prey on others
prowess
superior skill or ability
pugnacious
eager and ready to fight; quarrelsome
purloin
to steal
pusillanimous
cowardly; fearful
quell
to put an end to; to allay or quiet
quixotic
very idealistic; impractical; caught up in romantic notions
rabble
a disorderly crowd; a mob
rabid
raging; fanatical
raconteur
a person skilled at telling stories or anecdotes
vindictive
seeking revenge; bearing a grudge
noxious
harmful to the health
connive
to cooperate secretly in wrongdoing
chutzpah
nerve; audacity
liege
a lord, master, or sovereign
odium
hatred
crass
coarse; tasteless
hypercritical
overly critical; too severe in judgement
fallacy
a mistaken notion; a misconception
complacent
self-satisfied; smug
befuddle
to confuse; to perplex
pandemonium
a wild disorder, noise, or confusion
parsimonious
excessively thrifty; stingy
verbose
using more words than are needed; wordy
laudable
worthy of praise; commendable
indiscreet
not wise or judicious; imprudent, as in speech or action
levity
lightness of disposition; lack of seriousness
hoax
a practical joke; a trick
amicable
friendly; peaceable
obstreperous
aggressively boisterous; stubborn and defiant
enraptured
delighted beyond measure
marital
having to do with marriage
bask
to lie in or be exposed to warmth
genial
friendly; amiable
charlatan
one who pretends to have professional knowledge in order to swindle others
mundane
commonplace; of the earth and not spiritual
fickle
likely to change on a whim or without apparent reason
juggernaut
a terrible, destructive, or irresistible force
naive
simple in nature; not affected or worldly; especially innocent
nocturnal
having to do with the night; occurring at night
novice
a beginner; one who is inexperienced
inert
unable to act or move; inactive; sluggish
circumvent
to get around; to bypass
clandestine
secret
acquit
to find not guilty of a fault or crime
deprecate
to express disapproval of
barrister
lawyer, (British)
adulation
excessive praise or admiration
culinary
having to do with the kitchen or cooking
bawdy
indecent; humorously obscene
chastise
to punish severely
jocose
joking; humorous
myriad
a very large number
latent
present, but not active; hidden
pernicious
destructive; deadly
frugal
thrifty; economical in money matters
altercation
a heated argument
lexicon
a dictionary; a specialized vocabulary used in a particular field or place
hue
a particular shade of a given color
galvanize
to startle into sudden activity
sanction
permission; support
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration for effect and not meant to be taken literally
ominous
threatening; foreboding evil
audacity
rude boldness; nerve
evince
to demonstrate clearly; to prove
implacable
unable to be appeased or pacified
exhort
to urge on with stirring words
incarcerate
to put in prison; to confine
incisive
sharp; keen; cutting straight to the heart of the matter
expedient
practical; providing an immediate advantage (especially when serving one's self-interest)
pertinent
having to do with the subject at hand
epistle
a letter or literary composition in letter form
avid
enthusiastic; extremely interested
gadfly
an irritating and persistent person
humility
absence of vanity; humbleness
dolorous
exhibiting sorrow or pain
gargantuan
of huge or extraordinary size and power
arduous
difficult; requiring much effort
affable
friendly; agreeable; easy to talk to
grandiloquent
pompous or high-flown in speech
agrarian
having to do with farms, farmers, or the use of land
grimace
a facial expression of fear, disapproval, or pain
harangue
a long, strongly expressed speech or lecture
formidable
arousing fear or awe
sycophant
a flatterer; one who fawns on others in order to gain favor
explicit
clearly and openly stated; leaving nothing to the imagination
expound
to explain in detail; to clarify
cajole
to persuade with false promises and flattery
inscrutable
not easily understood; hard to fathom
balk
to refuse stubbornly or abruptly; to stop short and refuse to go on
acrimony
ill-natured, bitter hostility
dour
stern and ill-humored
exult
to rejoice; to feel triumphant
omniscient
having unlimited knowledge; all-knowing
feasible
reasonable; capable of being carried out
fiasco
a complete, ridiculous failure
metier
the work one is especially suited for; one's specialty; an occupation
fluctuate
to rise and fall; to vary irregularly
harry
to annoy or harass
incognito
disguised; pretending not to be oneself
lethargy
lack of energy; sluggishness
emulate
to strive to be like; to imitate
sere
dry and withered
enhance
to increase the value or beauty of something
contrite
feeling regret for having committed some wrongdoing
magnanimous
noble; generous in forgiving; free from petty feeling or acts
enunciate
to pronounce clearly and distinctly
collaborate
to work with another toward a goal
impound
to confine; to retain in legal custody
impeccable
faultless; without sin or blemish
evoke
to summon forth
inane
without sense or meaning; silly
unctuous
exaggeratedly or insincerely polite
expatriate
one who chooses to live outside of or renounce his or her native country
frowzy
unkempt
heinous
hatefully or shockingly evil