Constitution Vocabulary

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Anti-Federalist
people who opposed the Constitution and a strong national government
Articles of Confederation
first American constitution, passed in 1777, which created a loose alliance of 13 independent states.
Bill of Rights
written freedoms that a government promises to protect, first 10 amendments to the U. S. Constitution
Checks and Balances
- a principle of the United States Constitution that safeguards against the abuse of power by giving each branch of government the powers to prevent the other branches from having too much power
compromise
each side gives up something to reach an agreement
commerce
trade, business
constitution
document that sets out the laws, organization, and processes of a government
Constitutional
in accordance with or not prohibited by the U.S. Constitution (a law or action can be judged based on whether or not it goes against what the Constitution says)
currency
money
dictatorship
government in which one person or a small group of people hold complete authority.
Federalist
supporters of the Constitution and a strong national government
federal system (federalism)
principle of the U. S. Constitution that establishes the division of power between the national government and the states
popular sovergnity
idea that people have the right to create, alter, or abolish their government
republic
citizens choose representatives to govern them
separation of powers
principle by which powers of government are divided among the separate branches.
two-house legislature
a lawmaking body that is divided into two separate groups that work together. This is also known as bicameral.
amend
to change, add or alter