Deciding how an object most probably or most sensibly belongs to a concept, given the facts at hand, has been called___.
Relying on the degree of category membership
Clayton looking for a house wants brick but sees a wooden one with better floor plan, cheaper and nice school district, he picks wooden house. His decision making style involved the use of a ____.
Linguistic determinism suggests that____.
One's language determines the pattern of one's thinking and view of the world
Each of the following is an effective strategy for becoming a better problem-solver EXCEPT___.
Develop functional fixedness
Two groups are given a problem to solve. First group is given a spatial problem and other group has a time problem. The spatial group solved their problem faster because___.
visualized their problem & the time group didn't.
When showed a picture of a lion and bird, he knows the lion isn't a bird because it don't have wings, beak etc. He bases this on __.
An excited toddler yells our "Give toy!" instead of saying "Daddy, give me the toy." This is an example of ___.
Which of the following is not true of trial and error?
It is one of the most complex strategies for solving problems.
When a person thinks of a concept such as "bird", the person usually___.
Thinks of a prototype of a bird
Pete wants to be rich. So he evaluate his investments every year, if they don't make him rich then he will chose better strategies. This is called__.
Trial and error
Rules of thumb that do not guarantee a solution but may help bring one within reach are called__.
According to Chomsky, people are able to go from surface structure to deep structure through process called ____.
Maureen is completing a chemistry project which must be written up using the metric system, but her beaker is scaled in ounces. The best solution strategy for her problem involves __.
There is a rule in the English language that adjectives come before nouns. This rule is an example of ___.
The rigid notion that old people who live in institutions have nothing to contribute to society often prevents them from optimizing what talents and skills they do have. This is an example of___.