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33 terms

Botany

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autotroph
an organism that makes its own food
eukaryotes
cells that contain nuclei
plant cell
contains a cell wall, chloroplast and large vacuole
sporophyte
when a plant produces spores
gametophyte
a stage in a plant life cycle during which eggs and sperm cells are produced
photosynthesis
when plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars for their bodies
moss, liverwort, hornwort
nonvascular, grow low to ground, rootlike stemlike leaflike structures
vascular
plants with vascular tissue
non-vascular
plants without vascular tissue
ferns, club mosses, horsetails
vascular plants, with actual leafs,stems,and roots
seed dispersal methods
water, wind, animals
seed functions
Dispersal, Survival,and food
types of roots
fibrous and taproots
root functions
absorb water and minerals; keep a plant in the soil; store carbs or water
xylem
vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to every part of a plant
phloem
the vascular tissue through which food moves downwards
veination patterns
parallel, palmate, pinnate
conifers
plants with naked seeds, and produce cones
gymnosperms
Conifers
angiosperms
flowering plants that produce seeds in fruit
sepals
Leaflike parts that cover and protect the flower bud
petals
brightly colored structure just inside the sepals; attracts insects and other pollinators to a flower
stamen
male part of the flower; made up of an anther and a filament
filament
stalk that supports the anther
anther
the part of the stamen that contains pollen
pollen
tiny structures that contain the cells that will later become sperm cells
pistil
The female reproductive part of a flower
stigma
a part at the top of the style that contains pollen grains
style
the narrow part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma
ovary
a structure containing egg cells
ovule
a structure that contains an egg cell
types of tropisms
gravity, light, touch
tropism
A growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus