Chapter 4 elements of narrative
Terms in this set (35)
Who are what that tells the story of a film. The primary narrator in cinema is the camera, which narrates the fil by showing us events in the movies narrative. When referring to the more specific action of voice narration the narrator may be either a character in the movie or a person who is not a character.
First person narrator
Narration by an actual character in the movie
Voice over narration
Narration heard concurrently and over a scene but not synchronized to any character who may be talking on screen. It can come from many sources including a third person who is not a character to bring us up to date a first person narrator commenting on the action or in a nonfiction film, commentator.
Direct address narration
A form of narration in which an onscreen character looks and speaks directly to the audience
Third person narration
Narration delivered from outside the Diegesis by a narrator who is not a character in the movie
Proving a thirst person view of all aspects of a movie action or character
Reveals information to the audience only as a specific charter learns of it.
An essential element of film narrative, any of the beings who play functional roles within the plot, either acting or being acted in. Characters can be flat or round major, minor, or marginal protagonists or antagonists
A narratively significant objective pursued by the protagonist
A complex character possessing numerous, subtle, repressed, or contradictory traits. Round characters often develop over the course of a story
A relatively uncomplicated character exhibiting few distinct traits. Flat characters do not change as the story progresses
The primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of the movies story
Anti - heroes
An outwardly unsympathetic protagonist pursing a morally objectionable or otherwise undesirable goal
Events, circumstances, and actions that impede a protagonist pursuit of the goal. Obstacles often originate form an antagonist and are central to a narrative conflict
In a narrative screenplay he state of the character and setting before the inciting incident
Also known as the inciting incident. The event or situation during the exposition stage of the narrative that sets the rest of the narrative in motion
In a conventional narrative that which is at risk due to the protagonist pursuit of the goal
A critical turning point in a story when the protagonist must engage a seemingly insurmountable obstacles
The highest lint of the conflict in a conventional narrative; the protagonist ultimate attempt to attain the goal
The concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate, or otherwise reflect upon, story outcomes. Also , the capacity of the camera lens, film stock and processing to provide fine detail in an image
In a movie all the events we see or hear in the screen as well as all the events that are implicit or infer to have happened but are not explicitly presented.
The total compilation of a story events, character, objects, sounds-, that helps from the worlds in which the story occurs
An elements- event, character, objects, sound, setting,- that helps form the world in which the story occurs
A specific actions and events that filmmakers select and order in which they arrange those events and actions to effectively convey on screen the movies narrative to a viewer
No diegetic elemnts
Something that we see or hear on the screen rather comes from outside the world of the story, such as background music, titles, credits, and voice over narration.
A fictional history behind the cinematic experience narrative that is presented on screen. Elements of the backstory can be hinted at in a movie, presented thigh narration, or not revealed at all
A time relationship in which screen duration is shorter then plot duration.
A time relationship in which screen duration is longer then plot duration
The passage of time within A movie, as conveyed and manipulated by editing
A taking unaware that is potentially shocking
The anxiety brought on by parental uncertainty- the end is certain but the means are not
The numbers of times that a story element recurs in a plot. Repetition signals that a particular event has noteworthy meaning or significance
Any image that a director periodically repeats in a movie to help stabilize the narrative.
The overall range of a story
The time and space where a story takes place