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Hist 120 - wk 1
VUW Hist 120 Course Key Terms wk 1 Let me know if you have a much better definition! email@example.com
Terms in this set (17)
• Volcanic eruption that precluded the ice-age across the world.
• Killed humans who lived along the Indian Coastline and Malaysia, allegedly creating a bottleneck in human evolution.
• Put 9 feet of ash over South Asia
Early writings by the Chinese written on Turtle Shell Bones
• means 'new stone revolution'.
• Transition from 'hunter/gatherer' lifestyle to one of agriculture and settlement.
• Creation of stone tools for use of agriculture.
• Main crops created across the world were Maize, Potatoes, Wheat, Rice, Taro.
• Each of these crops led to a great civilization, except for the taro, because in Papua New Guinea they didn't have animals around to domesticate to help them.
• Change from 'everyone in the near vicinity' involved to just a couple people working with machines
• Machines powered by water and steam.
• Term was first used in 1799 in a French letter, but popularized in 1881 by Arnold Toynbee.
Second Industrial Revolution
• Also known as the technological revolution
• Started in the 1860s with Bessmer Steel
• Refers to the latter half of the 19th century until WWI
The world revolution
• Marxist concept of overthrowing capitalism
• Dates vary, but the dates 1789-1815 (of French Revolution) are common to all the different countries developed through the first world war.
• Ideas of class struggle and global scope are important
• Sun God
• Symbol looks a bit like a sun
• Egyptian sun god
• Inca sun god
• Belief in one god (e.g. Judaism, Christianity, Islam)
• "by the grace of god"
• Islamic Title for head of state ruled by Islamic Shariah Law
• Means "deputy"
• The metaphorical mountain representing the steps to heaven. The higher up, the closer to heaven you are.
• Based on Mt Kailash in the Himalayas which looks like it goes up in steps
• Inspires the idea of hierarchy in the world
• Used all around the world in different cultures
Golden stool of Asante
• Ashanti, Ghana
• A stool which was so sacred that no one sat on it: it had a chair of its own to sit on.
• The king sat on his own throne next to it.
• The story goes that once a British delegate (not realising how holy the chair was, and that not even the king sat on it) demanded to sit on it. This created a massive uproar, and they buried the chair so 'the evil British' couldn't get to it.
o This chair was found years later during roadwork, where one of the workers 'defiled' it. He had to flee for his life.
Mandate of heaven
• Chinese concept
The temple of heaven
• Tiantan, China
• King goes there every year for an important ceremony.
• The king would purify himself for 3 days before the ceremony in the hall of abstinence - eat simple food, stay away from his concubines.
• The king is carried over a path with stairs on either side
• Emperor performs rites, sacrifice with monks and priests instructing him what to do at any moment.
• Anything going wrong considered a bad omen.
• Swaziland's annual "reed dance"
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