Psychopathology AQA Psychology AS Level (New spec)
Terms in this set (26)
The view that behaviour cannot be judged properly unless it is viewed in the context of the culture in which it orginates.
Deviation from Social Norms
Abnormal behaviour is seen as deviation from unstated rules about how one ought to behave.
A list of mental disorders that is used to diagnose mental disorders.
Abnormality is defined as those behaviours that are extremely rare.
Deviation from Mental Health
Abnormality is defined in terms of mental health, behaviours that are associated with competence and happiness.
Failure to Function Adequately
People are judged on their ability to go about daily life, if they can't do this and are also experiencing distress then it is considered a sign of abnormality.
A mood disorder where an individual feels sad and/ or lacks interest in usual activities.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
An anxiety disorder where anxiety arises from both obsessions and compulsions.
A group of mental disorders characterised by high levels of anxiety in response to a particular stimulus or group of stimuli.
Two Process Model
A theory that explains the two processes that lead to the development of phobias.
Learning through association.
Learning through reinforcement or punishment.
A form of behavioural therapy used to treat phobias and other anxiety disorders. A client is exposed to (or imagines) extreme forms of the threatening situation under relaxed conditions until the anxiety reaction is extinguished.
A form of behavioural therapy used to test phobias and other anxiety disorders. A client is gradually exposed (or imagines) the threatening situation under relaxed conditions until the anxiety reaction is extinguished.
A cognitive approach to understanding mental disorder, focusing on the effect of irrational beliefs on emotions.
A cognitive approach to understanding depression, focusing on how negative expectations (schema) about self, world and future lead to depression.
A cognitive framework that helps organise and interpret information, helps to make sense of new information.
A combination of cognitive therapy (a way of changing maladaptive thoughts a beliefs) and behavioural therapy (a way of changing behaviour in response to these thoughts and beliefs).
Rigid and unrealistic thinking and lacks internal consistency.
A measure of genetic similarity.
One of the key neurotransmitters in the brain, with effects on motivation and drive.
A part of the chromosome of an organism that carries information in the form of DNA.
Chemical substances that play an important part in the workings of the nervous system by transmitting nerve impulses across a synapse.
A neurotransmitter that regulates excitement in the nervous system, acting as a natural form of anxiety reducer.
A neurotransmitter found mainly in areas of the brain that are involved in governing autonomic nervous system activity.
A neurotransmitter implicated in many different behaviours and physiological processes, including aggression, eating behaviour, sleep and depression.