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22 terms

Botany

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Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and a cell membrane.
Autotrophic
Organisms that can create nutrients from inorganic materials.
Sporophyte
Stage where a plant produces spores.
Gametophyte
Stage where plants and/or algae produce sex cells.
Photosynthesis
Process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches.
Vascular
Has organisms that convey fluids and nutrients,
Nonvascular
Lacking a system that conveys fluid and nutrients.
Non vascular plants
Moss, liverwort, hornwort ferns, club mosses, horsetails.
Seed
A mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat. Used with in plant reproduction.
Seed Dispersal
Wind, Water, Animals, "Explosion"
Root
Underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals. Occurs in tap and fibrous forms. Also exists to keep plants from blowing away.
Root Structure
has an outside layer, the epidermis, and a central cylinder of vascular tissue, between these two tissues lies a large area of ground tissue. the end consists of a root cap and menislam.
Stem
Supporting structure that connects roots and leaves and carries water and nutrients between them.
Xylem
Vascular tissue that conducts water.
Phloem
Vascular tissue that conducts everything but water. A.K,A food.
Leaf Structure
Blade; flat part of a leaf.
Node; Part where leaf attaches to some kind of stem or branch.
Petiole; "Stem" of a leaf.
Mid Rib; Primary Vein of a leaf.
Vein; Where water and minerals enter the leaf.
Gymnoperm
http://biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio106/gymnospr.htm
Offers better information than I can give you.
Angiosperm
Flowering, fruit producing plants. life cycle consists of a seed growing then it is somehow pollenated, and then the flower dies and reveals a fruit.
Flower Parts
http://www.naturegrid.org.uk/qca/flowerparts.html
View abovc because i couldn't fit that much information in such a small box.
Tropism
A growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus
Photo; Whether a plant grows towards or away from light.
Touch; Whether a plant coils a round some kind of object or not.
Gravity. Whether something is growing up or down.
Season Changes
Spring brings longer days, fall brings shorter, and winter brings death and dormancy.
life Spans
Annual; Grows and dies in one growing season
Perennial; Lives for more than 2 years
Biennial; Sprouts in first year then blooms and seeds in the second.