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Worlg Geo Unit 5 SG (Sanderson)
Terms in this set (56)
How have the nations of the subregion utilized their respective cultural histories to boost their local economies?
By promoting tourism
Why is French spoken in some countries of North Africa?
It was colonized by France in the 1800s
What is the ethnic and religious composition of the Eastern Mediterranean region, with the exception of Israel?
What is a negative effect of tourism in North Africa?
It requires large quantities of water for pools, hotels, and golf courses
What type of climate do much of the inland areas of the Northeast experience?
Arid or semi-arid
What is the economy of Libya based on?
Who used to wander with sheep and goat herds and now mostly line in towns and cities in the Arabian Peninsula?
Who are the Kurds?
Ethnic group that has lived in the Northeast for thousands of years but still have no country of their own
The rich alluvial soils of Mesopotamia supported the development of what?
Because the population of urban areas in the Northeast have been growing, what has it cause a rise in?
Identify push and pull factors of the Arabian Peninsula.
Reason people leave ad are drawn to the Arabian Peninsula
How are overgrazing and desertification related?
Overgrazing is a result of desertification
Why do some North African countries import food?
Scarcity of water and arable land
Where did the Persian Empire arise?
East of Mesopotamia, across the Zagros Mountains in present-day Iran
What is causing major pollution in Turkey?
What are the two most important resources on the Arabian Peninsula?
Oil and water
What is GAP in Turkey?
Construction of nearly two dozen dams along the Tigris and Euphrates river
What is the leading cause of emigration in North Africa?
Lack of job opportunities
Why are wadis an unreliable source of water?
So little rain falls that they are often dry and empty
What is the biggest factor that limits agriculture in the Eastern Mediterranean?
Lack of water, due to the dry climate and limited river systems
Why do some countries in North Africa import most of their food needs?
Water scarcity makes it impossible to grow enough food for the population
Where have most nomads settled in North Africa?
Villages and cities
What was an effect of the 1947 UN action to divide former Ottoman and British colony of Palestine into a Jewish and Arab state?
Jews excepted the plan, forming the independent state of Israel, while Arab Palestinians rejected it
What is the major source of conflict between the two branches of Islam?
Whether relatives of Muhamed should be his successors
What industry provides significant wealth to most nations in the region?
Who are the Bedouins?
Group of nomadic desert people who migrated to north Africa from Southwest Asia
The way physical, human, and economic geography impacts government policy
How has agriculture in Iraq been negatively impacted?
Soils have become increasingly saline
Why aren't internal organizations and NGOs not taken seriously?
Most are underfunded
What are two major economic resources in the Northeast?
Oil and natural gas
Desertification is an increasing problem caused by what?
Wind, farming, overgrazing, and loss of vegetation
Generalize the social status trends of women in the Arab nations of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Women have fewer rights and opportunities than men, but they are slowly gaining more rights
From where does the freshwater supply come on the Arabian Peninsula?
Groundwater beneath the desert
What is being done to reduce agriculture's overuse of the region's freshwater?
Crops are being developed that need less water, have a higher yield, and can tolerate salt
Why have nomadic Bedouin tribes moved from place to place?
They needed to move their herds from one desert oasis to another
What industry produces the most soil, air, and water pollution in the region?
Most people live along coastal areas in which region?
What is seawater converted to freshwater mostly used for on the Arabian Peninsula?
Why does desalinization have limited use in North Africa?
Expensive building and maintaining desalinization plants
What industry has been affected by international and accidental oil spills in the Persian Gulf?
What pollutes the rivers and coastal waters by discharging waste into them in North Africa?
Oil and petroleum industries
What long-term problem does the Great Man-Made River pose?
It's extracting water faster than it's being replaced
What is an environmental challenge of the Great Man-Made River?
It may contaminate aquifers with salt from the sea
Sumerian architecture which were large, pyramid-shaped temples constructed of mud
What is the greatest environmental challenge facing North Africa's growing population?
Scarcity of water to feed the growing population
What is a feature of the Dead Sea because it is so salty?
People can float without swimming
What was the primary reason the Aswan High Dam was built?
To control flooding on the Nile River
What have countries done to overcome the shortage of freshwater?
Making seawater drinkable
What is North Africa's tallest mountains?
What is the world's longest river?
People depended on the flooding of the Nile River until this was built.
Aswan High Dam
Which religion did the Arab armies spread in the region?
What is the dominant language in North Africa?
Despite economic progress, what does North Africa suffer from?
Political instability, high unemployment, poverty
Where does North Africa's freshwater come from?
Rivers, oases, aquifers
At which peninsula do the continents of Europe and Asia meet?
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