5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Three-Fifths Compromise
- Federalist #15
- Formal Amendment Process
- a Hamilton explained why strong strong government is necessary : "If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angles were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary."
- b Article V; the (very difficult) process of adding or deleting words to the constitution (27 times since 1788); propose by 2/3 vote of Congress or Constitutional Convention (never used); ratify by 3/4 vote of state legislators or state convention (only used once)
- c They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. After the ratification of the Constitution, the Antifederalists regrouped as the Democratic-Republican (or simply Republican) party.
- d a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
- e the agreement by which the number of each state's representatives in Congress would be based on a count of all the free people plus three-fifths of the slaves
5 Multiple choice questions
- a political theory holding that in a democracy, the government ought to do what the majority of the people want.
- Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
- Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
- agreement by the people of a nation to subject themselves to the authority to a government. Natural rights philosophers, such as John Locke, believe that any legitimate government must draw its authority from the consent of the governed.
- an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; to issue such an order
5 True/False questions
Block Grants → federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport
Concurrent Powers → powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
Strict Construction → way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take
the "Commerce Clause" → This clause states that Congress has the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the states, and with the Indian tribes.
Creeping Categorization → Block grants become more restricted by rules due to conditions added later by Congress; the tendency for grants to acquire mandates where none had existed previously