Chapter 5 Glencoe Health

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Define Nutrition
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Terms in this set (27)
What is MyPyramidA guide for making helpful daily food choicesFrom which food group should most of your day servings come fromGrainsExplain why moderating you salt intake can benefit your healthIt can reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and benefit your skeletal system.Identify the three factors that are the foundation of a healthful eating planEating breakfast, healthy snacks, and eat right when you are at a restaurant.How are you foods ingredients listed on most food labelsA nutrition facts labelA condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods.Food allergyA negative reaction to a food or part of food cause by metabolic problems, such as the inability to digest parts of certain foods or food componentsFood intoleranceDescribe three ways of reducing the risk of foodborn IllnessesBy keeping yourself and the food you eat clean-by cooking fish to the right temperature to prevent salmonella-by putting foods in a fridge or freezer because cold slows down the replication of bacteria.Nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues.ProteinA fatty substance that does not dissolve in waterLipidThe substances in foods that your body needs to grow, two repair itself, and to supply you with energy.NutrientsCompounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients.VitaminsThe process of treating a substance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogensPasteurizationThe units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.Caloriessubstances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effectFood Additivesthe spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to anotherCross Contaminationfood poisoningFood Born Illness