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rising inflection

the use of the voice to indicate questioning, surprise, or shock

falling inflection

the use of the voice to signal the end of the statement, depression, finality, or firmness

sustained inflection

the use of the voice to suggest calmness, decisiveness; staying on the same note

circumflex inflection

the use of the voice to blend two or three sounds for a vowel that normally has a single sound, allowing the actor to stress or change a word's meaning


the use by an actor of a personal experience to relate to the experience of a character within a play

cut off lines

line interrupted by another speaker and indicated in the script by dashes

cut in lines

to break into the speech of another character

fade off lines

lines that actors trail off rather than finishing

pointing lines

emphasizing a particular idea throughout the presentation of lines


restating lines in one's own words

laugh curve

the audience's reaction that actors listen for in order to anticipate the length of time the audience will laugh


when an actor gets within a character to learn what the character is like


when an actor shows the audience a character's true personality through interpretation, nonverbal expression, voice quality, pitch, rate, and physical action


the ability to direct all thoughts, energies, and skills toward of given goal


the careful noting of people's emotions, physical characteristics, and voice and direction patterns from which characters are modeled

emotional memory

the recalling of specific emotions, such as fear, joy, or anger
used in developing character


controlling the volume and quality of the voice do that it cane heard clearly by everyone


the reason behind a character's behavior

stretching a character

making a role unique, individual, or interesting

consistent inconsistency

trait of a character an actor chooses to emphasize, such as dialect

playing the conditions

interpreting characters with the help of elements such as time, place, weather, objects, and the state of the individual

playing the objectives

using all the methods, including physical or mental acts or objects, to reach the goals of characters

playing the obstacles

facing each crisis or obstacle that stands in the way of an objective of a character

playing the object

using objects, such as a phone or fork, to project character


the fuel that drives acting, enlivens performances, creates empathy, and makes powerful characters

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Voice Recording