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first African American regiment officially organized in the North

54th Massachusetts

a nurse during the Civil War later started American Red Cross


a hard biscuit made of wheat flour


bloodiest one day battle


turning point of the Civil War


a decree freeing all enslaved persons in states still in rebellion after January 1, 1863

Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation date

January 1, 1863

the wearing down of one side by the other through exhaustion of soldiers and resources


banned slavery in the US

13th amendment

searching and raiding for food as the soldiers marched


site of surrender for the Civil War

Appomattox Courthouse

first battle of the Civil War

Bull Run I

where did Jackson get the nickname "Stonewall"?

Bull Run I

only guy executed for war crimes after war


date Lincoln was assassinated

April 14, 1865

Who helped Lincoln win re-election?


Lincoln returned to men to prevent war with Britian

Trent Affair

North's strategy during the Civil War

Anaconda Plan

Grant's greatest achievement


Northern Advantage

larger population

Southern Advantage

more military colleges

Why didn't Lee accept command of UNion troops?

he couldn't fight against Virginia

Who inspired American women to take on nursing tasks in army hospitals?

Florence Nightingdale

Where did women fill labor shortages?


the first ironclad ship for the North


worst prison of all time


Sic Semper Tyrannis

"thus always to the tyrants"; Booth yelled after shooting Lincoln

northerners who supported the South


paper money


Leader of Copperheads


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