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Chapter 11 Finals Review

STUDY
PLAY
first African American regiment officially organized in the North
54th Massachusetts
a nurse during the Civil War later started American Red Cross
Barton
a hard biscuit made of wheat flour
hardtack
bloodiest one day battle
Antietam
turning point of the Civil War
Gettysburg
a decree freeing all enslaved persons in states still in rebellion after January 1, 1863
Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation date
January 1, 1863
the wearing down of one side by the other through exhaustion of soldiers and resources
attrition
banned slavery in the US
13th amendment
searching and raiding for food as the soldiers marched
forage
site of surrender for the Civil War
Appomattox Courthouse
first battle of the Civil War
Bull Run I
where did Jackson get the nickname "Stonewall"?
Bull Run I
only guy executed for war crimes after war
Wirz
date Lincoln was assassinated
April 14, 1865
Who helped Lincoln win re-election?
Sherman
Lincoln returned to men to prevent war with Britian
Trent Affair
North's strategy during the Civil War
Anaconda Plan
Grant's greatest achievement
Vicksburg
Northern Advantage
larger population
Southern Advantage
more military colleges
Why didn't Lee accept command of UNion troops?
he couldn't fight against Virginia
Who inspired American women to take on nursing tasks in army hospitals?
Florence Nightingdale
Where did women fill labor shortages?
shoemaking
the first ironclad ship for the North
Monitor
worst prison of all time
Andersonville
Sic Semper Tyrannis
"thus always to the tyrants"; Booth yelled after shooting Lincoln
northerners who supported the South
Copperheads
paper money
greenbacks
Leader of Copperheads
Vallenddighan