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AP Chapter 9
Terms in this set (59)
The Democratic and Republican candidates for president are formally nominated by the ____.
national party conventions
What 2012 candidate lost momentum when he could not remember the names of the three federal cabinet departments he would eliminate?
Texas Governor Rick Perry
Providing select information and a request for money to lists of people who have supported candidates of similar views in the past is a frequently used political technique known as ___.
In 2012, the amount of an individual is legally allowed to contribute to a candidate's campaign was ____.
Money earmarked for party-building expenses at the grassroots level or for generic party advertising is known as ___
Researchers studying campaigns stress that campaigns have what three effects on voters?
reinforcement, activation, and conversion
if no candidate receives Electoral College majority, the election is decided in the ____.
House of Representatives
some people have called the American electoral process ___.
"the permanent campaign"
according to the "America in Perspective" feature box, in which of the following countries is voter turnout lowest?
according to table 9.2, voter turnout in recent elections was highest for members of which of the following groups/
people with an advanced degree
which of the following is a cost of voting?
what is the most common reason given for not voting by U.S citizens who are registered to vote?
not enough time
the 2008 election was the first time that ___ voted at the same rate as whites.
according to figure 9.3, which shows exit poll results for the 2012 election, which of the following group's members were least likely to vote for Barack Obama in 2012?
what do voters find to be the three most important dimensions of a candidate's image?
integrity, reliability, and competence
one of the biggest challenges facing Barack Obama's 2012 reelection campaign was overcoming _____.
the faltering economy
in states with caucuses, ____.
supporters of candidates attend a series of open meetings to express presidential preferences
The McGovern-Fraser Commission made the delegate selection process of the Democratic party more democratic by ___.
requiring delegate selection procedures to be open
one impact of the Internet on political campaigns is that ___.
more people are making political donations
to run an efficient campaign, a candidate needs _____.
a number of volunteers
which of the following was one of the requirements of the Federal Election Campaign Act?
required all candidates for federal office to disclose all contributions made to their campaign; how the campaign funds were spent
donations to ____ groups do not have to be reported unless a donor gives money specifically for a political ad.
what is the phenomenon that people's beliefs often guide what they pay attention to and how they interpret events?
how many states employ a winner-take-all system in which all their electors are awarded to the presidential candidate who wins the most votes statewide?
the Electoral College introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process because ___.
less populated states are over represented
because states are the key battlegrounds of campaigns, candidates often find themselves _____.
tailoring their appeals to the particular interests of a state
of the following, who would be most likely to vote?
someone with a high sense of political efficacy
which of the following makes it harder to vote by increasing the costs associated with voting?
voter ID laws
which states tend to have higher voter turnout?
states with Election Day voter registration
which of the following groups is over represented among voters?
which of the following helps explain why voter turnout is lower in the United States than in other democracies?
the United States holds election midweek
a floating voter is someone who ___
not loyal to specific political party
which of the following has made it easier for contemporary voters to choose the best person for the office, regardless of party?
advancements in information technology
which of the following best describes how Mitt Romney presented himself in the 2012 presidential election?
a successful businessman who can apply his skills to fixing the economy
the Founders created the Electoral College because they wanted the president to be selected by ____.
if you were running a campaign with a relatively unknown candidate, you would want to allow plenty of time for your candidate to ___.
an investment candidates today MUST make is in _.
a staff to set up and run technologies such as Facebook pages and Twitter accounts
if your candidate is an incumbent, then according to Gary Jacobson's research, she is likely to _.
spend more and do more
research on political campaigns suggest that one of the strongest strategies you could use to impact voters is to _.
suppose your candidate is in a tight election campaign and has limited time and money. what expenditures would pay off best in gaining electoral votes?
you should spend both time and money in battleground states that may go for either party
one of the down sides to the American system of elections and campaigns is that ____.
a person who might be an excellent candidate could be discouraged from running
of the following people, who is most likely to participate in a presidential caucus?
a party activist
according to the "America in Perspective" feature box, which of the following would be the most likely to increase voter turnout in the United States?
hold elections on weekends
which of the following statements indicates a high level of political efficacy?
one vote can make a difference; i want my vote to be the difference maker
which of the following is consistent with the mandate theory of elections?
Barack Obama claim that his victory in 2012 means that the public want to raise taxes on the wealthy
which of the following best describes Barack Obama's campaign message in the 2012 election?
I did as well as I could have been expected under the circumstances
if the president was selected by popular vote instead of by the Electoral College, which of the following cities would a presidential campaign be least likely to visit?
rural areas and small towns
figure 9.1 suggests that _____.
the 1st caucuse and the 1st primary attractmost tention from candidates
Thomas Patterson's argument that "today's presidential campaign is essentially a mass media campaign" suggests that _.
voters have very little reality of the campaign apart from what they see and hear in the media campaign
one cost-cutting measure a candidate might come to regret is ___.
acting as his own campaign manager
the appearance and increase in __ was an unintended resulted of an amendment in 1979 to the original Campaign Reform Act, which allows parties to raise and spend money on voter registration and other campaign materials without limits on spending or the size of contributions that they can accept
if you were a campaign manager, you could most likely count on votes from ___.
voters from the same party as your candidate
according to the "you are the policymaker" feature, how would switching to direct election of the president affect states such as Virginia and Texas?
Virginia would receive less attention candidates b/c it would not longer be a battleground state
why are people with higher-than-average education more likely to vote?
education helps would be voters navigate the voter registration process
why is it sometimes difficult for citizens to engage in policy voting?
candidates can be intentionally vague about their issue stances
which of the following most clearly contributed to Barack Obama's victory in the 2012 presidential election?
voters thought Obama's policies were more likely to favor the middle class
how does party identification simplify the voting process?
it provides a cue as to which candidate a voter is more likely to prefer
why do winning candidates claim a mandate even though political scientists generally discredit the mandate theory of elections?
winning candidates want to justify their policy proposals by claiming that the public supports them
why do presidential candidates tend to focus their efforts on battleground states?
the winner take all system makes battleground states more relevant to the campaign
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