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9 Study Guide Questions #23-29, 31-38 KEY
Terms in this set (15)
23. What are the four blood types?
Type A, Type B, Type AB, Type O
24. What is the difference between the blood types?
Each blood type differs by the presence or absence of antigens (A or B) located on the erythrocytes.
25. How are the red blood cells different in each blood type?
RBCs/erythrocytes in type A blood = A antigen
RBCs/erythrocytes in type B blood = B antigen
RBCs/erythrocytes in type AB blood = A and B antigen
RBCs/erythrocytes in type O blood = neither antigen
26. What antibodies are present in each blood type?
Antigens stimulate the production of antibodies.
type A = anti-B antibodies
type B = anti-A antibodies
type AB = neither antibodies
type O = both anti-A and anti-B antibodies
27. Which blood type is the universal donor?
28. Which blood type is the universal recipient?
29. What determines a person's blood type?
Blood type is a multiple alleles trait. A person receives an allele from each parent and that determines their blood type.
31. What are the three types of major blood vessels?
arteries, veins, capillaries
32. Where do arteries carry blood to?
OXYGENATED blood carried AWAY from heart to rest of the body
33. Where do veins carry blood to?
DEOXYGENATED blood carried back toward the heart
34. What are capillaries and why do they play such a crucial role in the circulatory system?
They are the location for gas (O₂/ CO₂) and nutrient exchange.
35. How do pulmonary and systemic circulations differ? (Define both.)
Pulmonary circulation: the flow of blood from the right ventricle to the lungs and back to the left atrium. This cycle allows for the exchange of carbon dioxide (CO₂) for oxygen (O₂).
Systemic circulation: the flow of blood to the body tissues. This cycle allows for oxygen to be distributed to all the cells of the body.
36. LABEL the four chambers of the heart. Kaplan Anatomy Coloring book p. 193
Right Atrium, Ventricle
Left Atrium, Ventricle
37. What are the four valves of the heart and where are they located?
*R and L Atrioventricular valves*
>Right AV Valve is located between the R atrium and R ventricle. (aka tricuspid valve)
>Left AV Valve is located between the L atrium and L ventricle. (aka bicuspid or mitral valve)
*R and L Semilunar valves*
>R semilunar valve is located between the R ventricle and the trunk of the pulmonary artery. (aka Pulmonary valve)
>L semilunar valve is located between the L ventricle and the trunk of the aorta. (aka Aortic valve)
38. Why are pulmonary veins and arteries an exception to the oxygenation/ deoxygenation rule?
PULMONARY arteries are defined correctly because they carry blood away from the heart *but* they carry
PULMONARY veins are defined correctly because they carry blood back to the heart *but* they carry *OXYGENATED* blood.
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