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Arts and Humanities
Islam Chapter9 test
Terms in this set (32)
The powers of the Caliphs
The political and military leader, have the power to enforce laws and decide the matters of the whole ummah (rule over the religious state, have the best military power)
The characteristics of the peoples of the Arabian region (Bedouin)
Arab nomads, living off their flocks of goats mostly, with strong family and tribal ties, fornicating with livestock and drinking Camel effluent. Patriarchal society. Could divorce (female couldn't give birth)
Muhammad received his first revelation (When and from whom?)
610 B.C, the angel Gabriel
Why was Mecca an important site in pre-Islamic Arabia and during the early life of the prophet?
Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad and is considered to be the holiest city in the Islamic faith built by Abraham using the Black Stone in its construction. The major trade center.
What was the hijrah?
is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina (flight)
Definition(s) of the term jihad?
The Arabic root word for "striving" or effort; this means a struggle (personal) or a fight against non-Muslims in addition to its basic meaning of "Holy Wars", fighting for the spread of Islam
How is the Jewish prophet Abraham related to Islam?
Abraham's son: Ishmael
After the death of Muhammad, how were disputes settled?
The Quran according to sharia law
in religious use is often translated as 'tradition', meaning a report of the deeds and sayings of Muhammad, speak and action of Muhammad.
What is the term that describes the primary obligations of each Muslim?
As a pilgrim, each Muslim is supposed to
travel to Mecca. (At least one time) (Hajj, rituals)
"The people of custom and the community" describes which Muslim group?
"Party of Ali" describes which group in Muslim society?
The nation(s) today that are mainly Shi'ite include
What factor did not contribute to the early military successes of the Muslims?
1. Richs/ "booty"
2. mounted calvary
3. Weakness of Sassanian and Byzantine empire
The Muslim rule over conquered peoples involved
Tax system base on the religion and conversion
What was the origin of the jizya tax?
Rate of tax paid by non-Muslims higher than that of Muslims./ on non-muslims in muslim territories
Who were the Dhimmi, and why were they considered to be protected citizens?
"People of the book"; Christians and Jews, their holy books were recognized by Muhammad.
The Umayyad dynasty began with the reign of what caliph?
The official language of Islam is
The Abbasid dynasty based their right to rule on
the descent from Abbas (Muhammad's uncle)
Why was Baghdad called the cultural and learning center of the Muslim Empire?
2.collection and translations from early works (Greek) were collected
3. Math, scientific discoveries from research
4. Important base of knowledge was provided for the future of Europe
The judicial system of the Muslim empire was based on?
Sharia→ Islamic holy law
An Islamic byproduct of its trade was?
Spread of Islam by trader (merchants), held a hierarchy because Muhammad was a merchant
What was the root cause of the decline of the Abbasid Empire?
Dropping of the revenues.
What brought about the final destruction of the Abbasid dynasty
the civil war the had
What united the Islamic world after the empire divided into separate political units?
created when ruling family of India converted to Islam.
What are the symbolic actions and rituals involved with the hajj
Pilgrimage to mecca
What was the relationship of merchants to Islamic society?
They were not treated well and were well below everybody on the social ladder
What is the meaning of the term Islam?
submission or surrender to allah.
Islam's connection to the Judaism and Christianity
monotheistic, Kuran/Bible, Shiria Law/ Ten Commandments
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