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What are salivary glands that are all over the tongue, palate, lips, and the lining of the cheek?
What is the most common immunologic disorder associated with salivary gland disease?
What is the difference in primary vs secondary Sjogren's syndrome
primary only involves the exocrine glands and secondary is autoimmune associated ie RA
What makes a swollen lymph node more likely to be malignant than infected?
multiple nodes involved
Which of the following is not a cause of goiter nodules to form?
b. Graves Disease
c. Iodine deficiency
A sensorineural hearing loss is associated with what parts of the auditory system?
cochlea, cochlear nerve, central pathways
If air conduction is greater than bone conduction is this always an indication of hearing loss?
no it is normal OR sensorineural
Which ear hears the sound the loudest in conductive deafness during Webber testing?
the affected ear
During Webber testing what ear hears the sound the loudest in sensorineural deafness?
the un-affected ear
Which of the following is not a way to accurately describe a pulse?
all of the above are ways to describe the pulse
The lub sound of the heart is associated with what valve?
A-V valve closure and the start of systole
The dub sound of the heart is associated with valves?
closure of the pulmonary and aortic valve and start of diastole
What are the only two conditions that cardiac arrest doesn't override?
external hemorrhage or airway obstruction
What is the purpose of the AV node slowing the conduction?
to permit completion of atrial contraction
What is the function of the bundle of His?
functional passage of the impulse from atria to ventricles
What is electromechanical dissociation?
organized electrical depolarization without mechanical contractions
Respiratory neurons generate an efferent signal via what nerves?
phrenic to the diaphragm and the spinal nerves to the intercostal and abdominal walls
What is the purpose of surfactant in the lungs?
reduces surface tension that allows the alveoli to expand
What is a possible cause of Fibromyalgia?
abnormally high levels of substance P in the spinal fluid that can turn up the brains pain center
What is polymyositis?
a group of disorders that present with progressive symmetric proximal muscle weakness and inflammation of skeletal muscle
What is dermatomyositis?
a skin rash associated with myositis symptoms that is often associated with malignancy
What are the characteristics of osteoporosis?
low bone mass
microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue
bone mineral density T score < 2.5
What is the difference in arthralgia and arthritis?
arthralgia is joint pain but may not have any inflammation
What are some of the complications of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis?
leg length discrepancy
eye involvement; anterior uveitis
active arthritis in adults
radiographic joint damage
How does ankylosing spondylitis cause its problems?
chronic inflammation leads to joint remodeling and destruction
What are three diagnostic tools for ankylosing spondylitis?
lateral spine flexion test
Chest expansion test
What is the triad of Reiter's syndrome?
seronegative asymmetric arthritis
inflammation of the urinary tract
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