72 Video production words

STUDY
PLAY
Production Team
everyone involved in a film
Crew
production personnel that are not normally seen by the camera and generally includes equipment operators
talent
anyone seen by the camera
Producer
someone who finds financing for and supervises the making and presentation of a show (play or film or program or similar work)
Executive Producer
the person, or people, who provides the funding necessary to produce the program
Pre-Production
Any activity on a program that occurs prior to the time that the cameras begin rolling.
Production
the act or process of producing something
Post-Production
Any of the activities performed after a program has been shot.
Director
the person who is in charge of the creative aspects of the program and interacts with the entire staff
PA
an electronic amplification system used as a communication system in public areas
cue
A signal to a performer to begin a specific speech or action; to prompt
camera operator
operates the studio camera and responsible for studio set and camera set up
Anchor
a television reporter who coordinates a broadcast to which several correspondents contribute
Audio Engineer
the person responsible for the audio/sound quality on the production and related equipment.
Gaffer
the lighting director's assistant who often does the actual hauling of heavy instruments up and down ladders
Scriptwriter
The person responsible for placing the entire production on paper.
Content Specialist
A person who works with the script writer and is considered to be an expert in the program's subject matter.
grip
a person who moves the equipment, scenery, and props on a studio set
Production Values
The general aesthetics of the show.
Framing
the use of the edges of the film frame to select and to compose what will be visible onscreen
Production switching
The process of cutting between cameras
CCD
It stands for Charged Coupled Device. It is a sensor that collects light and turns it into an electrical signal.
Gain
the strength of the video signal
Zebra
a special function of some viewfinders that displays black and white diagonal stripes on any object in the shot that is too brightly lit
lens
An assembly of glass discs placed in a tube attached to the front of the camera
Optical center
The physical location within the lens assembly where an image is inverted
focal length
the distance from the center of the lens to the focal point
variable focal length lens
A lens in which the optical center can vary its position within the lens assembly, varying the focal length measurement as well, also called a zoom lens.
Iris
a component of a lens that is comprised of blades that physically expand and contract, adjusting the aperture size
Aperture
a device that controls amount of light admitted
F-stop
a camera setting that determines the amount of light passing through the aperture of the lens by controlling the size of the iris
Shutter
a device that opens and closes in front of the lens of a camera
Subjective camera
A hand-held camera technique, in which the camera itself becomes the eye of one cast member. The viewers see the world through the eyes of that character.
Hot
The state of a video camera when the image captured by the camera being recorded
Pan handle
a rod attached to the back of the tripod head that allows the camera operator to move the tripod head while standing behind the tripod
Jib
A type of camera m=mount that allows the camera to be raised high over the set and swung in any direction
white balance
a function on cameras that forces the camera to see an object as white, without regard to the type of light hitting or the actual color of the object
Macro
A camera setting that allows the operator to focus on an object that is very close to the camera, almost touching the lens
Depth of field
the distance between the minimum object distance and the furthest point from the camera a subject can be positioned while remaining in focus
Rack of focus
when a shot had a narrow depth of field and part of the image is out of focus
MOD
The closest an object can be in camera but still be in focus
Rule of thirds
a composition rule that divides the screen into thirds horizontally and vertically
Head room
the space between the top of the head and the top of screen
Establishing shot
A shot, usually involving a distant framing, that shows the spatial relations among the important figures, objects, and setting in a scene.
Reaction shot
a cut to a shot of a character's reaction to the contents of the preceding shot
Over the shoulder Shot
A shot taken from the vantage point of behind one of the characters, and including the person's shoulder and/or back of the head.
Dolly
A three-wheeled cart onto which the feet of a tripod are mounted
Arc
moving the camera in an arc around the subject
Low angle shot
The camera looks up at the subject from a low angle
High angle Shot
shooting talent with the camera high in the air, pointing down at an angle.
NAT sound
natural sound, such as band music, recorded for broadcast
Room Tone
the sound present in a room, or at a location before human occupation.
Dynamic mic
A very rugged, virtually indestructible type of mic that has good sound reproduction ability.
Pick up pattern
a term that describes how well a mic hears sounds from various directions.
Omni directional mic
a mic with a pick-up pattern that captures sound from nearly every direction equally well.
Cardioid mic
a mic with a pick-up pattern that captures sound from primarily one direction.
Shotgun mic
a directional mic with an extremely narrow pick up pattern
Boom
a pole carrying an overhead microphone projected over a film or tv set
Mic Level
the level of audio that comes from a microphone
Vu meter
Displays the audio signal level
BNC connector
A type of connector commonly used in television production. the female and male versions lock together securely with a simple 1/4 turn.
XLR connector
a connector for microphones that usually has three pins, but can have 4 pins, 5 pins and other pin configurations.
USB connector
a small rectangular plug attached to a peripheral device and that you connect to a usb port
HDMI connector
The connector designed to carry high definition video as well as power
Big talking face
A program format in which the talent speaks and the camera shoots almost entirely in a medium close-up.
Script
a written version of a video
Documentary
a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event
Magazine
a program format comprised of feature packages that address a single story
PSA
public service announcement
Visualization
the ability to mentally picture the finished program
Program proposal
Written document that outlines the process message and the major aspects of a television presentation.
Montage
a production device that allows a gradual change in a relationship or a lengthy time passage to occur in a very short amount of screen time by showing a series of silent shots accompanied by music