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Wilson Chapter 12

STUDY
PLAY
Background Story
Give the term for a tactic by government officials to win journalistic friends. The officials purportedly explain current policy on condidtion that the source of the information is not identified by name.
Equal Time Rule
give the term for an FCC regulation that if a station sells time to one candidate seeking an office, it must sell time to the opposing candidate as well.
Adversarial press
Give the term for the suspicious nature of the national press toward public officials in seeking to break an embarrassing story that will win for its author honor, prestige, and sometimes money.
Confidentiality
Give the term for reporters keeping sources of their stories secret. Most states and the federal government allow courts to decide whether the need for journalist to protect sources outweighs the interests of the government in gathering evidence in a criminaal investigation.
fairness doctrine
Give the term for an FCC rule abolished in 1987 which required broadcasters to give time to opposing views if they broadcast a program giving one side of a controversial issue.
attack journalism
Give the term for the current era of media coverage that seizes upon any bit of information or rumor that might call into question the qualifications or character of a public official.
feature stories
Give the term for a type of news story that involves a public event not routinely covered by reporters and that requires a reporter to take initiative to select the story and persuade an editor to run it.
gate keeper
Give the term for the role played by the media in influencing what subjects become national political issues and for how long.
loaded language
Give the term for the use of words to persuade people of something without actually making a clear argument for it.
mental tune out
Give the term for the attitiude of a person who ignores or is irritated by messages from radio or television which do not agree with his or her existing beliefs.
party press
Give the term for newspapers created, sponsored, and controlled by political parties to further their interests. This form of press existed in the early years of the American republic.
prior restraint
Give the term for government censorship of the press. The 1st Amendment makes such censorship difficult except under narrowly defined circumstances.
routine stories
Give the term for the type of news story that involves a public event regularly covered by reporters.
selective attention
Give the term for the perception of only what one wants to percieve from television or radio reporting.
trial balloon
Give the term for a tactic by an anonymous source to "float" a policy that the source supports to ascertain public reaction to it before the policy is actually proposed.
yellow journalism
Give the term for the use of sensationalism to attract a large readership for a newspaper.
Federal Communications Commission
Give the term for the agency of the federal government with authority to develop regulations for the broadcast media.
insider stories
Give the term for a type of news story that involves information not usually made public which requires investigative work on the part of a reporter of a "leak" by some public official.
market
Give the term for an area easily reached by a television signal.
muckraker
Give the term for a journalist who investigates the activities of public officials and organizations, especially business firms, seeking to expose and publicize misconduct or corruption.
Political editorializing rule
Give the term for an FCC regulation providing a candidate the right to respond if a broadcaster endorses the opposing candidate.
scorekeeper
Give the term for the role played by the national media in keeping track of and helping make political reputations.
sound-bite
Give the term for a video clip used on nightly newscasts of a presidential contender speaking. The average length of such clips has decreased, making it harder for candidates to get their message across.
watchdog
Give the term for the role played by the national media in investigating political personalities and exposing scandals.
right of reply rule
Give the term for an FCC regulation permitting a person the right to respond if attacked on a broadcast other then in a regular news program.
popular press
Give the term for self-supporting daily newspapers aimed at a mass readership. This form of press was made possible by technological advances that enabled cheap printing of massive numbers of issues.