34 terms

Ecosystem Camp Words

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Asymmetrical Ears
Ears that are positioned
unevenly to one another on each side of the head. Owls have asymmetrical ears.
Camouflage
An animal's use of its appearance to protect itself against predators.
Carnivore
An animal that eats another animal.
Commensalism
A relationship between two kinds of organisms that benefits one without affecting the other.
Consumer
Any animal that eats plants or eats other plant-eating animals.
Crepuscular
Living things that are active in the twilight (dusk/dawn).
Decomposer
Any of the fungi or bacteria that break down dead plants and animals into
useful things like minerals and rich soil.
Diurnal
Living things that are active in the day.
Duff
Partially decomposed plant or animal material.
Echolocation
A physiological process for locating distant prey by means of sound waves reflected back to the predator.
Ecosystem
All the living and nonliving things in an area and their interactions with each other.
Estivate
Pass the summer in a state of torpor.
Fangs
The long hollow or grooved teeth of a venomous snake.
FBI's
An acronym describing four types of decomposers [Fungi, Bacteria, Invertebrates, Scavengers]. See definitions.
Food Chain
The path of the energy in food from one organism to another.
Food Web
The overlapping food chains in an ecosystem.
Habitat
The place where a population lives.
Herbivore
An animal that eats plants, algae, and other producers.
Hibernate
To pass the winter in a state of torpor.
Nonvenomous
The absence of a venom-producing gland.
Omnivore
An animal that eats both plants and animals.
Parasitism
A relationship in which one kind of organism lives on and may harm another.
Pit Viper
Any snake with a sensory pit on each side of the head and hollow perforated fangs.
Predator
A living thing that hunts other living things for food.
Prey
A living thing that is hunted for food.
Producer
Any of the plants and algae that produce oxygen and food that animals need.
Scales
Small, flattened, rigid plates forming part of the external body covering of reptiles (& amphibians).
Scavenger
A meat-eating animal that feeds on the remains of dead animals.
Symbiosis
A relationship between two kinds of organisms over time.
Symmetrical Ears
Ears that are positioned evenly to one another on each side of the head. Humans have symmetrical ears.
Tapetum
A Membranous layer at the back of the retina that acts as a reflective layer, allowing more light to reach the eye's rods and cones.
Torpor
A state of mental and motor inactivity.
Venomous
Having a venom-producing gland and the ability to inflict a poisoned wound.
Vertebrae
Bone and cartilage segments composing the spinal column.