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18 terms

Digestive and Urinary Systems

Chapter 24 Test
STUDY
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Urine is stored in the
Urinary Bladder until it can be eliminated
The function of the villi in the small intestine is
to increase the surface area for nutrient absorption
The small intestine
is longer than the long intestine
The liver stores
extra nutrients absorbed by the body
The pancreas
makes digestive enzymes and hormones that regulate sugar levels
Blood leaves the kidneys through
nephrons
The Stomach produces
acid that kills most of the bacteria swallowed with food
The Molars
are the best kind of human teeth to grind food
A Diuretic
makes the body expel water
When the kidneys have cleansed blood,
it goes through a vein back to the rest of the body
The esophagus
moves food from the throat to the stomach
The stomach
uses chemical and mechanical digestion to break down food
Urinary system disorders include:
bacterial infections, kidney stones kidney disease
Digestion
is the process that breaks down food so it can be used by the body
The place where digestion begins is
in the mouth
Nephron
is microscopic filter that removes urea from the blood
A fluid that cools your body when it evaporates is
sweat.
Excretion
is the process that removes waste products from the blood