What are 4 goals of USA foreign policy?
1. Protect American citizens
2. Peace in the world
3. Support democracy in the world
4. Provide humanitarian aid
What are types of humanitarian assistance?
Disaster relief- tsumanis, earthquakes
Health issues- help AIDS victims
Hunger- American Red Cross sends food, Haiti food drives
What 4 groups of experts does the President use to help him decide foreign policy?
The State Department
The National Security Council
CIA- Central Intelligence Agency
Department of Defense
What does Congress do in deciding foreign policy?
Approve Funds to pay for wars, aid
Who influences foreign policy?
Domestic groups- labor unions, farmers
Mass Media- TV, YouTube, Magazines, Newspapers
Why do special interests influence foreign policy?
To protect their own interests and beliefs. Farmers want to protect their ability to sell their products.
What is diplomacy?
When presidents and other heads of countries talk directly or through others to solve their problems.
What are alliances?
When two or more countries join together to influence another country's actions.
What 3 factors shaped American foreign policy?
Washington's Farewell Address
Fear of Foreigners
How did George Washington's Farewell Address shape foreign policy?
He warned to avoid involvement in Europe's political and military issues that didn't directly affect America?
What is Isolationism?
Belief that America should stay out of other countries business unless it directly affects America.
What is The Monroe Doctrine?
When President James Monroe warned Europe to stay out of business of Central or South America
What were the Major Conflicts during the Cold War?
The Berlin Blockade
The Korean War
The Vietnam War
The Cuban Missile Crisis
The Soviet-Afghan War
What did America do during the Korean War?
Prevented North Korea from making all of Korea into one Communist Country.
What did America do in the Vietnam War?
Gave millions of dollars and thousands of troops to help South Vietnam.
What was the Cold War all about?
Democratic countries tried to keep freedom and prevent communism from spreading through the world.
What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?
American spy planes took photos showing nuclear missile bases in Cuba pointing at Florida
How did America help Afghanistan ?
America gave Afghanistan billions of dollars to fight against Russia.
How did The Soviet-Afghan War help end the Cold War?
Russia became bankrupt and so communism fell. This ended The Cold War
What were the two major countries behind the Cold War?
America and Soviet Union.
America defended democracy and Soviet Union tried to spread Communism.
Why did Russia want to starve West Berlin?
They were democratic and under influence of America, England, and France