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the possibility of suffering hard from a hazard that can cause injury, disease, death, economic loss, or environmental damage

risk assessment

scientific process of estimating how much hard a particular hazard can cause to human health or the environment

risk management

deciding whether or how to reduced a particular risk to a certain level and at what cost

nontransmissible disease

not caused by living organisms and does not spread from one person to another

transmissible disease

disease that is caused by living organisms and can spread from one person to another by air, water, food, or body fluids

toxic chemical

chemical that adverserly affects the health of a living human or animal by causing injury, illness, or death and can be temporary or permanent


chemicals or forms of radiation that cause or increase the frequency of mutations, or changes in the DNA molecules found in cells


chemicals that cause harm or birht defects to a fetus or embryo


chemiclas or types of radiation that can cause or promote cancer


malignant cells break off from tumors and travel in body fluids to other parts of the body


science that examines the effects of harmful chemicals on humans, wildlife, and ecosystems


a measure of how harmful a substance is in causing injury, illness, or death to a living organism


amount of a substance a person has ingested, inhaled, or absored through the skin


the type and amount of health damage that result from exposure to a chemical or other agent

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