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LC Chem 4.2 Acids and Bases
Turn moist blue litmus paper red
Ethanoic Acid (vinegar)
Acids which donate one H+ ion in solution, e.g. HCl
Acids which donate two H+ ions in solution, e.g. H2SO4
Acids which donate three H+ ions in solution, e.g. H3PO4
Turn moist red litmus paper blue
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)
Potassium hydroxide (caustic potash)
Magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia)
A substance that dissociates in water to produce H+ ions.
A substance that dissociates in water to produce OH- ions.
Formed when the H+ ion reacts with a water molecule to form the H3O+ ion
Acids or bases which fully dissociate in water
Acids or bases which do not fully dissociate in water
Bronsted Lowry definition of an acid
Bronsted Lowry definition of a base
A substance which can act as an acid or a base
What an acid changes into when it donates a proton
What a base changes into when it accepts a proton
Conjugate acid base pair
Any pair consisting of an acid and a base which differ by one proton.
The reaction between an acid and a base to form a salt and water.