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Anth 407-Exam 3
Terms in this set (38)
What is the orientation of Radcliffe Brown?
What does structural functionalism imply?
that society sets constraints that limit agency
Who was Malinowski's primary rival?
What was the Culture & Personality School trying to figure out?
to what extend mental characteristics are inborn and to what extent they are culturally-derived
What was Ruth Benedict's main idea?
culture may be analyzed as a macro-psychological patter
What are Benedict's two major books?
Patterns of Culture and The Chrysanthemum and the Sword
What was Margaret Mead's most famous book?
Coming of Age in Samoa
What was Mead's big idea?
if culture shapes personality, then perhaps you can change personality by changing culture
Who was Boas' first student?
What department did Krober start?
What did Kroeber write?
several volumes on both European and non-European societies
What was the Chicago School trying to determine?
whether or not the Melting Pot would blur the lines between ethnic groups
What were Robert Redfield's two big ideas?
1. whether peasant studies have their own culture or whether they are forced into acting the way they do because of economic means
2. folk culture vs. urban culture
Who were the two major players who started studying with Malinowski and ended up going to Brown?
Meyer Fortes & EE Evans Pritchard
What were Evans-Pritchard's two books?
Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande and The Nuer
What was Evans-Pritchard's main idea in Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande?
witchcraft is a safety valve against conflict and shouldn't be marginalized
What was Evans-Pritchard's main idea in The Nuer?
how large-scale political mobilization can be achieved in societies without centralized leadership
What was Gregory Bateson's main contribution?
bridge between American and British anthro
What was Leslie White's big idea?
Technological Determinism-technology has been the biggest contributor to cultural evolution
What was Julian Steward's big idea?
Cultural Ecology-how culture and the environment impact eachother
Who is the main player behind "Man the Hunter"?
What was Raymond Firth's big idea?
formalism-you can apply economic theories cross-culturally
What was Edmund Leach's book?
Political Systems of Highland Burma
What is Political Systems of Highland Burma about?
the relationship between myth and political process
What was David Schneiders book and what was it about?
American Kinship-kin is not just about social structure, it's culturally indicated
What was Clifford Geertz trying to convince people to do?
seek to describe the world through nature's point of view
What school of thought was Claude Levi-Strauss influenced by?
What was Marvin Harris' big idea?
Cultural Materialism-distinguished emic from etic and mental from behavioral
What was Eric Wolfe's book?
Europe and the People Without History
What Europe and the People Without History about?
how peasants get exploited by larger social processes
What does the World Systems Theory connect?
the relationship between imperialism and underdevelopment
What was Sydney Mitz' book?
Sweetness & Power
What type of fieldwork does Feminist Anthro encourage?
Positioned-you talk about your role in the culture
Who is the theorist behind Practice Theory?
What is Practice Theory?
the idea that society is constructed by purposeful, creative agents who bring society to life thru talk and action
Who was the theorist behind sociobiology?
What is the main idea of Postmodernism?
experience is subjective and there is not one singular, correct version of it
What is Engaged Anthro?
that you should apply anthropological concepts and methods to contemporary issues of public concern
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