The Founder of Islam. Muslims believe that Mohammad was God's last Prophet and that he received the word of God from the angel Gabriel.
As president of Iraq, Blank maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). Saddam was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Iranian religious leader who deposed the American backed Shah of Iran. He also fought Iran in the Iran Iraq war Tehran hostage crisis
Shah of Iran
Leader of Iran who wanted to nationalize their oil and improve economy, sparks Iranian Revolution and Shah is overthrown (1979) by Khomeini
Osama Bin Laden
(1957- ) Saudi Arabian multimillionaire and leader of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda. He is responsible for numerous terrorist attacks on the United States including the destruction of the World Trade Center. Member of the Mujadeen
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust
The 39th President of the United States (1977-1981), who negotiates the Camp David accords between Egypt and Israel (1979). He won the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.
spiritual leader of India who used civil disobedience to expose the British mistreatment and to seek equality for Indians in India
A native or inhabitant of Palestine they are constantly fighting against Israeli expansionism
Ho chi Mihn
Communist leader of North Vietnam who orchestrated the defeat of US and South Vietnam.
You can kill ten of our men for every one we kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and we will win.
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews. Capital of present day Israel
a violent location in northern India and Pakistan where the two countries fight over ownership of the land
the common term for violence, rooted in Islamism, and aimed at propagating Islamic culture, society, and values in opposition to the political, allegedly imperialistic, and cultural influences of non-Muslims, and the Western world in particular
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State. The National Socialist German Workers Party, otherwise known as the Nazi Party. Nazism was advocated by Adolf Hitler in Germany.
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Complete domination of th, characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
A gulf south of Persia and West of the Indian Ocean; the Tigris River and Euphrates River both flow into this gulf a major oil producing region (see the Persian gulf war)
a peninsula in Southwest Asia, bounded by the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea; place where Islam originated
Ship canal dug across the isthmus of Suez in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882. (p. 726)
Mountain range in Central Asia. It meets the Karakoram and Himalaya from the West to complete a wall of mountains between the subcontinet and the rest of Asia.
Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals but has wide spread pollution
The civilization from this river's valley (3500 BC to 2500 BC) had two thriving cities which were Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
A large, almost landlocked arm of the Atlantic Ocean touching Europe, Asia, and Africa
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members
a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
Hindu term: One's fortune, based on how well/unwell they follow their dharma. The amount of good kharma you accumulate in life determines how you are reborn in the next life, and whether or not you reach enlightenment (Nirvana)
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
The political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control.
The first war Israel fought, the day after it was created. Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and lebanon are the countries that fought against israel.
A War (1990-1991) that took place between Iraq and the U.S./Kuwait started by Iraq invading Kuwait; First non-containment based war since WWII; Often referred to as Operation Desert Storm; Primarily an aerial war (huge amounts of missiles and bombs) in the first stages, followed by an infantry march that pushed Iraqi forces back into Iraq
Iran Iraq war
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22 1980 following a long history of border disputes and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long suppressed Shia majority influenced by Iran's Islamic revolution.
in the decade after WWI, began when Germany invaded Poland; US became involved when Pearl Harbor was bombed by Japan; FDR signed the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, which was the first peacetime draft; internment of Japanese Americans; at Yalta, land was split up between the Allies; the beginning of the USSR's dominance
the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Five Pillars of Islam
true Muslims were expected to follow (principle of Salvation): belief in Allah, pray 5 times a day, giving of alms, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime