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100 terms

Geography BORDLEY (2017) 100 word study sheet

THE THEMES AND VOCAB OF BORDLEY and please add more
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Mohammad
The Founder of Islam. Muslims believe that Mohammad was God's last Prophet and that he received the word of God from the angel Gabriel.
Saddam Hussein
As president of Iraq, Blank maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). Saddam was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Ayatollah Komeini
Iranian religious leader who deposed the American backed Shah of Iran. He also fought Iran in the Iran Iraq war Tehran hostage crisis
Shah of Iran
Leader of Iran who wanted to nationalize their oil and improve economy, sparks Iranian Revolution and Shah is overthrown (1979) by Khomeini
Osama Bin Laden
(1957- ) Saudi Arabian multimillionaire and leader of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda. He is responsible for numerous terrorist attacks on the United States including the destruction of the World Trade Center. Member of the Mujadeen
Mohammad Omar
Leader of the Islamic state of Afghanistan
Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust
Schwarzkopf
Stormin' Norman, Desert Storm
Carter
The 39th President of the United States (1977-1981), who negotiates the Camp David accords between Egypt and Israel (1979). He won the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.
Reagan
president during most of the 1980s and during the Vietnam war
Ghandi
spiritual leader of India who used civil disobedience to expose the British mistreatment and to seek equality for Indians in India
Palestinian
A native or inhabitant of Palestine they are constantly fighting against Israeli expansionism
Sunnis
Muslims belonging to branch of Islam . The majority religion in most Islamic countries.
Shiites
Second largest sect of Islam constant fighting with Sunnis
Ho chi Mihn
Communist leader of North Vietnam who orchestrated the defeat of US and South Vietnam.

You can kill ten of our men for every one we kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and we will win.
Westmoreland
Commander of US forces in South Vietnam.
Mecca
The holiest city for the Islamic people
Medina
the second holiest city for Muslims
Jerusalem
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews. Capital of present day Israel
Bagdad
Capital of Iraq
Tehran
Capitol of Iran
Casablanca
A city in Morocco
Cairo
Egyptian capital
Kabul
The capital of Afghanistan
Kasmir
a violent location in northern India and Pakistan where the two countries fight over ownership of the land
Mumbai
a city in western India just off the coast of the Arabian Sea
Communism
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
Jihadism
the common term for violence, rooted in Islamism, and aimed at propagating Islamic culture, society, and values in opposition to the political, allegedly imperialistic, and cultural influences of non-Muslims, and the Western world in particular
Nazism
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State. The National Socialist German Workers Party, otherwise known as the Nazi Party. Nazism was advocated by Adolf Hitler in Germany.
Zionism
a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine
Imperialism
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Militarism
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
Terrorism
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature
Humanitarianism
the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
Fundamentalism
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
Feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Totalitarian
Complete domination of th, characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
isolationism
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
Atheism
a lack of belief in the existence of God or gods
Racism
discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
Tigris
don't be afraid of the tiger
Persian Gulf
A gulf south of Persia and West of the Indian Ocean; the Tigris River and Euphrates River both flow into this gulf a major oil producing region (see the Persian gulf war)
Arabian Peninsula
a peninsula in Southwest Asia, bounded by the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea; place where Islam originated
Tigris
A river in Southwestern Asia
Euphrates
a river in southwestern Asia
Nile
the world's longest river (4180 miles)
Sahara
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Suez Canal
Ship canal dug across the isthmus of Suez in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882. (p. 726)
Hindu Kush
Mountain range in Central Asia. It meets the Karakoram and Himalaya from the West to complete a wall of mountains between the subcontinet and the rest of Asia.
K2
a mountain peak in the Karakoram Range in northern Kashmir
Himalayas
a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet
Mount Everest
The world's tallest mountain, located in the Himalayas.
29,029 ft above sea level
Ganges River
Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals but has wide spread pollution
Indus
The civilization from this river's valley (3500 BC to 2500 BC) had two thriving cities which were Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
Deccan Plateau
A high area of land at the center of the Indian subcontinent.
Mediterranean Sea
A large, almost landlocked arm of the Atlantic Ocean touching Europe, Asia, and Africa
Fuji
an extinct volcano in south central Honshu that is the highest peak in Japan
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members
Theocracy
government run by religious leaders
Dictator
a leader who speaks and rules with total power
Shah
title for the former hereditary monarch of Iran
Taliban
a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996
Monsoons
seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia; a primary feature of India's climate
Subcontinent
a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
Landlocked
surrounded by land; cut off from the sea
Nomads
people with no permanent home; move from place to place in search of food
Oasis
a fertile tract in a desert (where the water table approaches the surface)
Colony
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland
Partition
The dividing up of a country Ex. Palestine, Pakistan
Islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
Caste System
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
Dharma
In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties
Kharma
Hindu term: One's fortune, based on how well/unwell they follow their dharma. The amount of good kharma you accumulate in life determines how you are reborn in the next life, and whether or not you reach enlightenment (Nirvana)
Cold War
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
Sepoys
Indian troops who served in the British army
Sepoy Rebellion
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
Domino Theory
The political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control.
Six Day War
tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967
October War
(Yom Kippur War) Combined Arab invasion of Israel on Yom Kippur 1973
1948 war
The first war Israel fought, the day after it was created. Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and lebanon are the countries that fought against israel.
Gulf war
A War (1990-1991) that took place between Iraq and the U.S./Kuwait started by Iraq invading Kuwait; First non-containment based war since WWII; Often referred to as Operation Desert Storm; Primarily an aerial war (huge amounts of missiles and bombs) in the first stages, followed by an infantry march that pushed Iraqi forces back into Iraq
Iran Iraq war
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22 1980 following a long history of border disputes and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long suppressed Shia majority influenced by Iran's Islamic revolution.
Soviet Union
The Mujaheddin destroyed this country's invasion force when it invaded Afghanistan
WWII
in the decade after WWI, began when Germany invaded Poland; US became involved when Pearl Harbor was bombed by Japan; FDR signed the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, which was the first peacetime draft; internment of Japanese Americans; at Yalta, land was split up between the Allies; the beginning of the USSR's dominance
Mosque
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
Minaret
the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
Muslim
A follower of Islam, means "one who has submitted"
Koran
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Bazaar
a shop where a variety of goods are sold
Monotheistic
believing that there is only one god
Polytheistic
worshipping or believing in more than one god
Five Pillars of Islam
true Muslims were expected to follow (principle of Salvation): belief in Allah, pray 5 times a day, giving of alms, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime
Xenophobia
a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers
Tariff
a government tax on imports or exports
Trade surplus
earning more money from export sales than spending for imports
Work Ethic
a commitment to the value of work and purposeful activity
The Japanese sea
what is the major natural resource of the Japanese people