22 terms

Urinary System

Chapter 12
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The urinary system is consist of
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, 1 urethra
Kidneys
a pair of bean-shaped organs that filter water and waste materials from the blood, Produce urine.
Ureters
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Urinary Bladder
Serves as a reservoir for urine.
Urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
True capsule, perirenal fat, renal fascia
What are the three capsules surrounded the kidneys?
True capsule
smooth fibrous capsule surrounds the kidney.
Perirenal fat
fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys
Renal fascia
tissue that anchors the kidneys to surrounding structures and helps to maintain it's normal position.
Internal structure of the kidney
cortex, medulla,
1 millionphrons
Microscopic examination of the kidney reveals about?
Nephron function
is to regulate, control and then remove waste products of the metabolism from the blood plasma.
Glycosuria
the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
Hematuria
blood in the urine
Interstitial Cystitis
chronically irritable and painful inflammation of the bladder wall
Hydronephrosis
water in the kidney
Nephrolith
kidney stone
Oliguria
production of an abnormally small amount of urine
Renal failure
inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
Urethral Stricture
narrowing of the urethra
Pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
Percutaneous Ultrasonic Lithotripsy (PUL)
crushing of a kidney stone by using ultrasound, invasive surgical procedure performed by using a nephroscope of fluoroscopy
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