Does the following pertain to Western, Eastern, or Indigenous Cultures?
o Chinese and Indian philosophers: Buddha, Confucius, Lao-tse
o The "real" is a force or energy; reality is always changing
o Mind-body-spirit unity
o Family is starting point for identity
o Time is circular, flexible
o Wisdom: acceptance of what is
o Disease is caused by a lack of balance in energy; imbalance between daily routine, diet, and constitutional type
o Ethics of care:
based on promoting positive relationships
o Value given to:
Sympathy, compassion, fidelity, discernment
o Action on behalf of those with whom one has a relationship
o Persons in need of health care considered to be vulnerable and to require protection from cruel truth
Radioactive substance (tracer) is injected, travels to the brain, and shows up as bright spots on the scan. Data collected by the detectors are relayed to a computer, which produces images of the activity and 3D visualization of the CNS. Can detect: Oxygen utilization, Glucose metabolism, Blood flow, Neurotransmitter-receptor interaction. Can find schizophrenia: increased D2, D3 receptors in caudate nucleus, abnormalities in limbic system, mood disorders, abnormalities in temporal lobes, adult ADHD, decreased utilization of glucose. This organizes diagnoses for psychiatric disorders on a developmental hierarchy. Classes: Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Schizophrenia Spectrum and other psychotic disorders, Bipolar and related disorders, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, Obsessive-Compulsive and related disorders, Trauma and stressor-related disorders, Dissociative disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, feeding and eating disorders, elimination disorders, sleep-wake disorders, sexual dysfunction, gender dysphoria, disruptive impulse-control, and conduct disorders, substance-related and addictive disorders, Neurocognitive disorders, personality disorder, paraphilic disorders, and other mental disorders The following are techniques for what?
Behavioral contract, counseling, modeling, role playing, planned ignoring, use of signals or gestures, physical distance/touch control, redirection, additional affection, use of humor, clarification as intervention, restructuring, limit setting, simple restitution, physical restraint.
This is usually seen in older adults. S/sx include hyperthermia, hot/dry/red skin, reduced bowel sounds, paralytic ileus, agitation, delirium, fluctuating vs, tachycardia, marked mydriasis, confusion, and coma. Dopamine antagonist.
Minimal impact on neg. symptoms.
EPS, Acute dystonia, Akathisia, Pseudoparkinsonism.
Other side effects: anticholinergic effects, orthostasis, photosensitivity, lowered seizure threshold. Tardive Dyskinesia for prolonged treatment (NO CURE).
Troubling side effects: weight gain, sexual dysfunction, endocrine disturbances, drooling, and TD.
Drugs: Chlorpormazine (thorazine), Thioridazine (mellaril), Fluphenazine (Prolixin), Haloperidol (Haldol)
Predisposing factors for this syndrome include the following:
age, lower education level, sensory impairment, decreased functional status, comorbid medical conditions, malnutrition, and depression. Postoperative conditions, systemic disorders, withdrawal of drugs and substances such as alcohol and sedatives, toxicity secondary to drugs and other substances, and impaired respiratory functioning.
The following are feelings that precipitate ________:
Discounted, embarrassed, frightened, found out, guilty, humiliated, hurt, ignored, inadequate, insecure, unheard, out of control of the situation, rejected, threateded, tired, vulnerable
bruising, scars, burns, and other wounds in various stages of healing, particularly around the hear, face, chest, arms, abdomen, back, buttocks, and genitalia. persons with ______ _______ _______ usually have difficulties in multiple areas, including activities of ADL's (cooking, hygiene), relationships, social interaction, task completion, communication, leisure activities, remain safe in the community, finances and budgeting, health maintenance, vocational and academic activities, coping with poverty, stigma, unemployment, and inadequate housing. conduct court-ordered evaluations regarding legal sanity or competency to proceed, to respond to specific medicolegal questions as requested by the court and to render an expert opinion in a written report or courtroom testimony. A comprehensive report is based on clinical data, observations of the defendant's behavior, any forensic evidence contained in crime-scene reports or lab reports, summary of any psychological testing and thorough psychosocial history. They interview the defendant and notes behavior, past Dx, personality traits, emotions, cognitive abilities, and any symptoms of mental disorder, and the psychodynamics of interpersonal relationships. used to improve mood and alleviate pain. May be used instead of traditional antidepressants to avoid the side effects (dry mouth, nausea, headache, diarrhea, and impaired sexual function). Found to be as effective as prescribed antidepressants in treatment of mild/moderate and severe depression. SIDE EFFECTS: dry mouth, dizziness, GI symptoms, photosensitivity, and fatigue. Caution taking it with SSRI antidepressants. May cause serotonin syndrome. Interactions: birth control, anti-rejection transplant drug cyclosporine, Indivir and other anti-HIV meds, Irintocan, anticoagulants. The following are ways of managing disruptive behaviors in what disorder?
Behavioral contract, Counseling, Modeling, Role playing, Planned ignoringUse of signals or gestures, Physical distance and touch control, Redirection, Additional affection, Use of humor, Clarification as intervention, Restructuring, Limit setting, Simple restitution, Physical restraint
In ________ personality disorder, the patient demonstrates a personality alteration characterized by altered interpersonal boundaries, eccentric behavior, eccentric use of language, restricted or socially inappropriate expression of emotion, increased mistrust and sensitivity regarding the intent or responses of others, and difficulty setting goals, determining their own beliefs, and other alterations in identity. Although such persons may appear eccentric or odd, they do not exhibit the frank psychotic features seen in psychotic disorders, such as hallucination and delusions.