hydrogen ion combines with a water molecule to form a hydronium ion, H3O(+)
conjugate acid-base pair
consists of two substances related by the loss or gain of a single hydrogen ion
an acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
equilibrium lies far to the right
has a relatively weak conjugate base
total ionic equation
a chemical equation for an aqueous reaction that shows all the soluble ionic substances dissociated into ions.
Kw, the equilibrium constant for the auto-ionization of water
process in which a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of another solution
carbon atom backbone
commonly contain carboxyl group
newly formed acid on reactant side, the species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton
process where cations and anions in an ionic compound separate in solution
an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
equilibrium lies far to the left
conjugate base is stronger than water
newly formed base on reactant side, the species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton
acidic hydrogen is attached to an oxygen atom
a solution whose concentration is accurately known
having characteristics of both an acid and a base and capable of reacting as either
based on logarithms
a substance that ionizes in water to release hydroxide ions
a chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic solutions
a substance that ionizes in water to release hydrogen ions
process where polar compounds separate into cations and anions in solution
model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion donor and a base is a hydrogen-ion acceptor
two water molecules react to produce a hydronium ion and a hydroxide ion
a solution in which a large portion of the solute exists as ions
good conductor of electricity
an acid that can donate two protons per molecule
a solution that conducts electricity poorly because only a fraction of the solute exists as ions
solution that resists change in pH when an acid or a base is added
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