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conjugate acid-base pair
consists of two substances related by the loss or gain of a single hydrogen ion
an acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
equilibrium lies far to the right
has a relatively weak conjugate base
total ionic equation
a chemical equation for an aqueous reaction that shows all the soluble ionic substances dissociated into ions.
Kw, the equilibrium constant for the auto-ionization of water
process in which a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of another solution
newly formed acid on reactant side, the species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton
an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
equilibrium lies far to the left
conjugate base is stronger than water
newly formed base on reactant side, the species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton
model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion donor and a base is a hydrogen-ion acceptor
a solution in which a large portion of the solute exists as ions
good conductor of electricity
a solution that conducts electricity poorly because only a fraction of the solute exists as ions
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