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Honors World History: World War II
Terms in this set (58)
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, bringing the United States into World War II.
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
"lightning war"; It was a German army tactic during World War II which called for quick moving, hard hitting drives into enemy territory.
Japanese suicide pilots who would crash their planes into ships and military bases in order to cause damage.
A conflict after WWII that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Buisness man who saved many Jews by letting them work in his factories.
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there.
the capital and largest city of Poland; large ghetto there
first Nazi extermination camp where gassing was used
product of a secret agreement by FDR and Churchill; discussed post war aims and goals; advocated self determination of peoples
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people
Govt. of France after German occupation at the beginning of WWII.
Puppet president of France under Vichy government of Germany
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces while he was in exile
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Spanish fascist general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and ruled as a dictator until his death
The Desert Fox. Commander of the Axis forces in North Africa (Afrika Korps).
President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
President of the US after Roosevelt's death; approved the use of the atomic bomb against Japan
Douglas Mac Arthur
U.S. general in command of "island hopping" troops in the pacific
Declared that Hawaii as a dagger aimed at Japan and must be destroyed, the US decoded this message, but did not know where or when the attack would occur
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president
Emperor of Ethiopia and symbol of African independence. He fought the Italian invasion of his country in 1935 and regained his throne during World War II, when British forces expelled the Italians. He ruled Ethiopia as an autocrat.
Commander of the Pacific Fleet during WWII; defeated Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Midway
British General who cut off Rommel from advancing further into Africa
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
a series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II. Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
city in the northwest corner of France where the allied troops were trapped by the advancing Germany Army. 800 British ships, ranging from warships to fishing boats, crossed the channel from England to rescue over 300,000 British and French troops.
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox') in 1942-1943.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Battle of the Bulge
Last German offensive on the Western Front in World War II. Its failure hastened German defeat.
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
May 8, 1945; Victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Battle of Coral Sea
Fought on May 7-8 1942; Caused heavy losses on both sides; Japanese won a tactical victory because they sank US carrier Lexington; Americans claimed a strategic victory by stopping Japan's drive towards Australia
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and the mentally and physically disabled.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
island hopping campaign
US strategy to reach mainland Japan by capturing key islands
period of time after the German invasion of Poland that included little military operation in Europe
Operation Sea Lion
Germany's plan to invade the United Kingdom during World War II, beginning in 1940.
The German air force
measuring instrument in which the echo of a pulse of microwave radiation is used to detect and locate distant objects
codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.
Approved by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
The assertion that God is on the side of ones cause
A U.S. Army general best known for leading the famous raid named after him in 1942, in which B-25 bombers were launched from an aircraft carrier to bomb Japan.
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Placed severe restrictions of Jews: prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books, etc.
highly feared, elite corps of Nazi soldiers and police.
a prison camp operated by Nazi Germany in which Jews and other groups considered to be enemies of Adolf Hitler died while doing slave labor or were murdered
began Nov 1942, American forces landed in Morocco and Algeria, and pressing eastward trapped the German and Italian armies being driven westward by the British. Forced German and Italian troops to surrender, despite Hitler's orders to fight to the death.
Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy from 1900-1946 who gave Mussolini the right to rule.
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
World History: Cold War
World History World War 2 Review
Chapter 32 - World War II
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