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Frankenstein Unit Test Review
Terms in this set (83)
Who is the author of Frankenstein (first and last name)?
NOTE: The first publication read "by anonymous" because the publisher didn't think a book by a female writer would sell.
When was Frankenstein first published?
Written in 1816 and published in 1818
Where and at what time of year did the author write Frankenstein?
On a cold and rainy summer vacation in Geneva, Switzerland with soon-to-be husband, Percy Shelley and famous Romantic Poet, Lord Byron.
Who suggested the idea of writing ghost stories while on vacation with the author?
Lord Byron, famous Romantic Poet
What is the book Frankenstein's subtitle and why?
Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus
Victor Frankenstein is compared to the Greek Titan Prometheus who is credited with creating humans, giving them fire (after stealing it from Zeus), and being punished (chained to a rock, where a giant eagle pecked away at his liver each dayds). Similarly, Victor Frankenstein created the creature/monster, played with fire (thinking he could create life like God), and was punished.
Who is the explorer who rescues Victor at the beginning of the novel?
Where does the story begin?
On Robert Walton's ship in the Arctic
To whom does Walton write?
His sister, Margaret Saville, who lives in London with her husband and children.
What is Robert Walton obsessed with?
Reaching and studying the North Pole
Where do Victor Frankenstein and his family live?
Who is Victor's mother (not enough to say Mrs. Frankenstein)?
How does Victor Frankenstein's mother die?
Who is Victor Frankenstein's close childhood friend?
How many brothers does Victor Frankenstein have and what are their names?
Victor has two younger brothers:
- William, the youngest (murdered at age 6)
- Ernest, who is six years younger than Victor and the only surviving Frankenstein
Who is Victor Frankenstein's cousin and sister by adoption?
Who is Victor Frankenstein's father (not enough to say Mr. Frankenstein)?
How does William die?
The creature/monster strangles him in the woods outside Geneva.
Who is falsely accused, convicted, and executed for William's murder?
Where does Victor Frankenstein go to college?
The University of Ingolstadt in Germany
Why doesn't Henry attend college with Victor?
His father wants him to work as a merchant in the family business
Who is the exiled and blind old man forced to live in poverty somewhere in Germany with his two children?
How many people does the creature/monster murder?
Three (William, Elizabeth and Henry)
What are the names of the blind old man's two children?
Felix and Agatha
Who is Felix's fiance who arrives at the cottage and cheers up the family?
What does the creature/monster do to help the poor family living in the cottage?
Chops wood for them to cook and stay warm
Who is responsible for the DeLacey family's exile?
Why does Felix return to Paris after helping Safie and her father?
His father and sister were thrown in jail because Felix helped Safie's father escape from prison. Felix, Agatha and his father are kept in prison for three months.
Why was Safie's father unjustly accused of a crime and imprisoned?
Probably due to racial and religious prejudice--he is a Turkish Muslim living in a Christian society
What short and conceited university professor ridicules Victor Frankenstein's previous, self-directed studies?
What Chemistry professor supports Victor Frankenstein's pursuit of Natural Philosophy and becomes his mentor?
What is the name of the Irish magistrate who helps get Victor released from prison in Volume III?
How does Victor's father die?
He dies from grief after Elizabeth's murder
Where does Victor's family go to find relief from their grief over William's murder and Justine's death?
Their country house in Belrive, Switzerland
When Victor first leaves for the university, what is his main objective/desire?
To study how to prevent death (probably due to his sorrow over his mother's recent death)
As Victor rises to the top of his field at the university, what becomes his new/revised obsession?
To discover the secret of life and create a new and noble race
Where does Victor Frankenstein collect materials to create his creature/monster?
Graveyards, slaughterhouses, and dissecting rooms
Why does Victor immediately run away from the creature/monster as soon as it is brought to life?
He is horrified by the creature's hideous appearance
In Frankenstein, to whom does Victor tell his secret--that he brought a creature to life?
After William's death, where does Victor see (but not speak to) the creature/monster?
In the woods outside Geneva where William was found murdered
After William is murdered, why doesn't Victor immediately tell his family that he suspects the creature did it?
Victor is afraid no one will believe him and may think he is crazy
When the creature/monster finds Victor hiking alone in the Alps, he kindly asks Victor to do what?
Come to a remote cabin on the mountain and listen to his story
What does the creature first eat?
What bothers the creature most in the early days of his existence?
Similar to a newborn infant, his senses are overwhelmed with all the new sights (light), sounds (tries to imitate the birds), and feelings (cold and hungry).
What are the first two things the creature/monster learns about fire?
Brings warmth but also hurts him--later learns it makes some foods taste better
What happens to the creature/monster when he innocently enters a village in search of food?
The villagers scream and throw stones at him
Where does the creature/monster find shelter?
In a hovel/hut attached to a poor family's cottage. (He peers at them through a whole in the wood.)
How does the creature/monster learn to SPEAK?
He listens to the DeLacey family interact.
How does the creature/monster learn to READ?
He listens as Felix teaches Safie to read--learns about the history of the human race.
Name TWO of the three books the creature/monster finds in a briefcase in the woods.
- Paradise Lost
- Plutarch's Lives
- Sorrows of Werter
What TWO characters in Milton's "Paradise Lost" does the creature/monster compare himself to and why?
(1) Adam -- Like Adam, the creature was made/created, not born
(2) Satan -- Like Satan, the creature was rejected by his maker; however, Satan had companions, while the creature has none.
After telling Victor his story, what does the creature/monster demand that Victor do for him?
Create a female companion for him
How does the creature/monster learn he is ugly?
Sees his reflection in a pool of water
How does the creature/monster learn about how he was created?
Finds Victor's journal in the pocket of his cloak and reads it
Why does the creature/monster decide to reveal himself to the old blind man?
He is lonely and because the old man is blind, he thinks he won't be prejudiced by his looks
What does the old man's family do when they return and find the creature in their cottage?
Safie screams and runs away, Agatha faints, and Felix beats the creature with a stick
What does the creature do when the DeLacey family flees?
He burns down their cottage and vows revenge against his creator (Victor)
What injustice happens to the creature in the woods as he travels to Switzerland to find and confront Victor?
He saves a girl from drowning and is shot in the shoulder by her father
What does the creature want when he first sees and stops William?
He wants the boy to be his companion--thinks the boy is too young to fear his looks
Why does the creature/monster kill William?
William says his father is "the magistrate, Mr. Frankenstein" and the creature thinks he is talking about Victor, his creator and enemy
Who is accused of murdering Henry Clerval?
What is the verdict at Victor's hearing/trial in Ireland?
Not Guilty / Found Innocent
Where does Victor go to create a female monster?
The remote Orkney Islands in Scotland
What does the creature/monster say to Victor when he destroys the unfinished female creature?
"I will see you on your wedding night."
What did the creature want most from humans?
Friendship / Companionship
Why does Victor travel with Henry to England and then Scotland?
To speak to Natural Philosophy specialists and secretly make a female creature/monster
Where does Robert Walton find Victor Frankenstein in the beginning of the novel?
Stranded on a block of ice in the Arctic
How does Victor Frankenstein get close to Robert Walton's ship?
He breaks apart his dog sled and uses the wood as oars
Who nurses Victor back to health when he falls sick with fever right after creating the monster?
What do Alphonse and Elizabeth assume is the source of Victor's unhappiness?
They think he's changed his mind about marrying Elizabeth and he may have found someone else
What happens to Victor after he sees Henry's dead body?
He falls into a long, feverish illness.
Who kills the creature/monster?
No one. Walton finds the creature/monster grieving over Victor's corpse. With his creator dead, the monster's revenge is complete, though unsatisfying. He exits the ship and plans to kill himself.
When Victor first gets sick, what does he ask Robert Walton to do for him?
Find and kill the creature/monster for him. When Victor is close to death however, he changes his mind and begs Walton to find joy and live a happy life with his loved ones.
What does Robert Walton do after Victor dies on his ship?
Walton heads back home to England
Robert Walton's voyage and letters to his sister are an example of a ________ story/narrative that sets the stage for another story.
frame story/narrative (a story within a story) or a dialogic epistolary
How did the author display for us the benevolence of the creature in the novel?
She first had the creature tell us that he was good when created, but that society made him evil. She then proved that point when having the monster tell us his side of the story. He collected wood, began to have feelings, saved a little girl from drowning, etc. only to be mistreated because of his appearance
What is the climax of Frankenstein?
The climax is when Elizabeth Lavenza was murdered. This is the climax because during the story, the author is suggesting to the reader that Victor will be killed if he doesn't make the monster happy, and she has Elizabeth killed to focus on the creature's loneliness while also focusing on Victor's flaw, hubris, and his failure to understand the creature's reason for loneliness.
What was the significance of Mary Shelley making DeLacey a blind character?
She did this to emphasize the fact that the creature was discriminated against because of his looks, and by having DeLacey blind, he would accept the monster for who he was. The creature was reacted to very negatively wherever he went, and DeLacey represented his last chance at acceptance. The author also showed us this when the creature met William in the woods prior to meeting the DeLacey family. Young William had supposedly not been prejudiced yet because of his age, yet he rejected the monster.
Thematic element of family, society, and isolation
In its preface, Frankenstein claims to be a novel that gives a flattering depiction of "domestic affection." That seems a strange claim in a novel full of murder,
tragedy, and despair. But, in fact, all that tragedy, murder, and despair occur because of a lack of connection to either family or society. Put another way,
the true evil in Frankenstein is not Victor or the monster, but isolation. When Victor becomes lost in his studies he removes himself from human society, and
therefore loses sight of his responsibilities and the consequences of his actions. The monster turns vengeful not because it's evil, but because its
isolation fills it with overwhelming hate and anger. And what is the monster's vengeance? To make Victor as isolated as it. Add it all up, and it becomes clear
that Frankenstein sees isolation from family and society as the worst imaginable fate, and the cause of hatred, violence, and revenge.
Thematic element of ambition and fallibility
Through Victor and Walton, Frankenstein portrays human beings as deeply ambitious, and yet also deeply flawed. Both Victor and Walton dream of transforming society and bringing glory to themselves through their scientific achievements. Yet their ambitions also make them fallible. Blinded by dreams of glory, they fail to consider the consequences of their actions. So while Victor turns himself into a god, a creator, by bringing his monster to life, this only highlights his fallibility when he is completely incapable of fulfilling the responsibilities that a creator has to its creation. Victor thinks he will be like a god, but ends up the father of a devil. Walton, at least, turns back from his quest to the North Pole before getting himself and his crew killed, but he does
so with the angry conclusion that he has been robbed of glory. Neither Victor nor Walton ever escapes from their blinding ambitions, suggesting that all men, and particularly those who seek to raise themselves up in glory above the rest of society, are in fact rash and "unfashioned creatures" with "weak and
Thematic element of romanticism and nature
Romantic writers portrayed nature as the greatest and most perfect force in the universe. They used words like "sublime" (as Mary Shelley herself does in describing Mont Blanc in Frankenstein) to convey the unfathomable power and flawlessness of the natural world. In contrast, Victor describes people as "half
made up." The implication is clear: human beings, weighed down by petty concerns and countless flaws such as vanity and prejudice, pale in comparison
to nature's perfection. It should come as no surprise, then, that crises and suffering result when, in
Frankenstein, imperfect men disturb nature's perfection. Victor in his pride attempts to discover the "mysteries of creation," to "pioneer a new way" by
penetrating the "citadel of nature." But just as a wave will take down even the strongest swimmer, nature prevails in the end and Victor is destroyed for his
misguided attempt to manipulate its power.
Thematic element of revenge
The monster begins its life with a warm, open heart. But after it is abandoned and mistreated first by Victor and then by the DeLacey family, the monster turns to revenge. The monster's actions are understandable: it has been hurt by the unfair rejection of a humanity that cannot see past its own prejudices, and in turn wants to hurt those who hurt it. As the monster says when Felix
attacks it and flees with the rest of the DeLacey family, "...feelings of revenge and hatred filled my bosom. [and] I bent my mind towards injury and death."
But in taking revenge, two things happen to the monster. First, it ensures that it will never be accepted in human society. Second, because by taking revenge
the monster eliminates any hope of ever joining human society, which is what it really wants, revenge becomes the only thing it has. As the monster puts it, revenge became "dearer than light or food." Revenge does not just consume the monster, however. It also consumes
Victor, the victim of the monster's revenge. After the monster murders Victor's relatives, Victor vows a "great and signal revenge on [the monster's] cursed head." In a sense then, the very human desire for revenge transforms both Victor and the monster into true monsters that have no feelings or desires beyond destroying their foe.
Thematic element of lost innocence
Frankenstein presents many examples of the corruption of youthful innocence. The most obvious case of lost innocence involves Victor. A young man on the cusp of adulthood, Victor leaves for university with high hopes and lofty ambitions. He aims to explore "unknown powers" and enlighten all of humanity to the deepest "mysteries of creation," but his success and his pride brings an end to his innocence. He creates a monster that reflects back to him the many flaws inherent in his own species (an unquenchable thirst for love, a tendency toward violence, and a bloodthirsty need for justice and revenge) and in himself (prejudice based on appearance). And, in turn, Victor's cruel
"un-innocent" behavior also destroys the monster's innocence. Victor and the monster's losses of innocence ultimately lead to the deaths of William, Justine, Elizabeth, and Clerval, four characters whom the novel portrays as uniquely gentle, kind, and, above all, innocent. Through these murders, Shelley suggests that innocence is fleeting, and will always be either
lost or destroyed by the harsh reality of human nature.
Thematic element of prejudice
Frankenstein explores one of mankind's most persistent and destructive flaws: prejudice. Nearly every human character in the novel assumes that the
monster must be dangerous based on its outward appearance, when in truth the monster is (originally) warm and open-hearted. Again and again the
monster finds himself assaulted and rejected by entire villages and families despite his attempts to convey his benevolent intentions. The violence and
prejudice he encounters convinces him of the "depravity of man." That the only character who accepts the monster is a blind man, DeLacey, suggests that the
monster is right: mankind is barbaric, and blinded by its own prejudice.
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