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Terms in this set (42)
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
a chemical transmitter that is released in small amounts and transported via bloodstream to target organ and other cells.
What systemic organs besides the Endocrine Glands secrete?
Brain, heart, lungs, liver, skin, thymus, gastrointestinal mucosa, placenta (pregnancy)
How do our cells communicate with one another?
Hormones transfer information and INSTRUCTIONS from cell to cell delivering messages for:
Pituitary Gland nickname
What Roles do the Glands of the E.S. Play?
It regulates the functions of other endocrine glands,
growth, sexual development, thyroid , adrenocortical , skin pigmentation
stores and secretes 2 important hormones synthesized and hypothalamus
Secretes several hormones that are essential for growth and development of bones, muscles, other organs, sex glands, the thyroid glands and the adrenal cortex.
is a small pine-cone shape gland. The pineal gland secretes Melatonin and Serotonin.
a hormone that can be released at night to help regulate the release of gonadotropin
A neurotransmitter that is involved in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness, eating, and aggressive behavior.
Rises calcium levels in the blood.
control metabolism and lower calcium in blood (calcitonin).
Islets of Langerhans
Endocrine Glands within PANCREAS
Islets of Langerhans functions
Reg. Glucose (sugar) in blood...S
Significance: ENERGY (not refined, chemicalized sugar)
Metabolizes Carbohydrates (CHO), Proteins and Fats
high blood sugar, cells dont get nutrients, diabetes mellitus, Hyperglycemia
low blood sugar,
low blood sugar
pancreatic juices into the intestine
secretes insulin, that lower sugar in the bloodstream
Also secretes glucagon- increases glucose in bloodstream
condition that occurs when the pancreas produces too little insulin, resulting in an increase in the level of blood glucose
2 endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys
outer part of the adrenal gland. secretion of hormones, the glucocorticoid, the mineralocorticoid, the androgens.
inner part of the adrenal gland
regulate carbohydrate metabolism and have antiinflammatory effects; cortisol is the most significant glucocorticoid
hormones of the adrenal cortex important for regulation of (Electrolyte) salt-water balance
Hyposecretion=Reduced Plasma Volume
Adrenal glands secretes many hormones
Epinephrine , Norepinephrine
Many steroid hormones, inc estrogen and androgen.
secretes and stores catecholamines, dopamine. epinephrine, norepinephrine.
Dilate Arteries Systemically, Urinary Output Increases
Flight-or-flight syndrome due to elevated blood sugar
Elevate Systolic Blood Pressure, Cardiac Output increases, and regulate shock .
To regulate shock
produce Estrogen and Progesterone
occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone
a congenital condition that is due to a deficiency in the secretion of thyroid hormones. There is arrested physical and mental development.
A disease characterized by abnormally high levels of blood glucose.
having a protruding eyeball
the condition of excessive secretion of insulin in the bloodstream causing low blood sugar.
A lack of secretion of sex hormones form the testis or ovaries.
excessive production of thyroid hormones
condition of mucus swelling
Condition in which complete atrophy of the pituitary gland causes loss of function of the thyroid, adrenals, and gonads
the development of masculine physical traits in the female such as growth of facial and body hair,increased secretion of the sebaceous glands,deepening of the voice,and enlargement of the clitoris:aka MASCULINIZATION